Contributors to Per Contra

(Biographical Statements Reflect Most Recent Publication in Per Contra)

Issue 1 , Issue 2 , Issue 3 , Issue 4 , Issue 5 , Issue 6 , Issue 7 , Issue 8 , Issue 9 , Issue 10 , Issue 11 , Issue 12 , Issue 13 , Issue 14 , Issue 15 , Issue 16 , Issue 17, Issue 18


Gail Galloway Adams has had stories and poems published in The American Voice, The Georgia Review, The North American Review and others. Her collection of short fiction The Purchase of Order won the Flannery O’Connor Award and has been reissued in paperback. The title story was selected for inclusion in The Prentice Hall Anthology of Women’s Literature.

She is on the permanent workshop staff at Wildacres Writers’ Conference in Little Switzerland, N.C. and in 1991 was the McGee Professor in Creative Writing at Davidson College.

On the creative writing faculty of the English department at West Virginia University, Adams was named West Virginia Professor of the Year by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching (C.A.S.E.). She continues to work on short stories, the most recent of which appeared in The Kenyon Review. - Work in Issue 2

Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie was born in Nigeria in 1977. Her first novel, Purple Hibiscus, won the Commonwealth Writers Prize and the Hurston/Wright Legacy award, was shortlisted for the Orange Prize and the John Llewellyn Rhys Prize, and longlisted for the Booker. A 2003 O. Henry Prize winner, Adichie's short fiction has appeared in various literary publications, including Granta and the Iowa Review. She attended Eastern Connecticut State University and Johns Hopkins University. She presently divides her time between Nigeria and the United States, where she is a Hodder fellow at Princeton University. - Work in Issue 2

Dawn Allison lives in North Carolina. Her work has been featured in Bound Off, Burst Literary E-zine, The Writer's Eye Magazine, and as a winner of the Whidbey Student Choice Award, among others. - Work in Issue 18

Hipolito Alvarado born in Guayaquil, in 1929, is a quiet poet whose work reveals a feeling of social commitment and, stylistically, a desire to break down the usual literary genre distinctions. His poetry manifests two diverse interests: one focusing on the day-to-day of ordinary people, filled with the details of quotidian urban life, the other leaning towards an examination of spirituality principally through Indian religions. The literary influences on Alvarado, as on several other poets in this anthology, include James Joyce and e.e. cummings, as forerunners in the search for artistic freedom and especially in the championing of the use of colloquial language. 

His books are: Short Story: La segunda voz (Guayaquil, 1975). Poetry: Más allá del tiempo y las imágenes (Guayaquil, 1996). Short Story Anthologies: Cuento ecuatoriano contemporáneo (Guayaquil, s.f), Nuevos cuentistas del Ecuador (Guayaquil, 1975), Bajo la carpa (Guayaquil, 1981), 40 cuentos ecuatorianos (Guayaquil, 1997), Antología básica del cuento ecuatoriano (Quito, 1998). - Work in Issue 10

Kendall Anderson is a photographer and graduate architect who has spent much of the past few years crawling around dark and dirty buildings to photograph the decaying ruins of our recent industrial history. His interest is in documenting and sharing the fascinating spaces existing in our mundane world which are overlooked and ignored. - Work in Issue 2

Arlene Ang serves as staff editor for The Pedestal Magazine and Press 1. Her collection of poems, Secret Love Poems, was published in 2007 by Rubicon Press. Her collaborative fiction with Valerie Fox has been published in Admit 2, Defenestration, and qaartsiluni, and they are the authors of a poetry collection, Bundles of Letters Including A, V and Epsilon (Texture Press, 2008) More of Ang's work may be read at - Work in Issues 6, 17

Jennifer Anthony received her MFA in Writing for Children from Spalding University. Her short story series, Tonics, appears/will appear in the spring/summer/fall/winter 2007 issues of The First Line ( When she’s not writing or working at a not-for-profit education policy firm, she divides her time between travel and mentoring for Big Brothers and Big Sisters. You can visit her website at - Work in Issue 7

Monica Arac de Nyeko is from Uganda. She studied at Makerere and Groningen universities for a degree in Education and an MA in Humanitarian Assistance. She has been a fellow on the British Council's Crossing Borders programme. Arac de Nyeko won first prize in the Women's World Voices in War Zones for a personal essay, "In the Stars" in 2003, was shortlisted for the Caine Prize in 2004 for "Strange Fruit" and won it in 2007 for "Jambula Tree.” She works in Nairobi. - Work in Issue 14

Sefi Atta was born in Lagos, Nigeria. She trained as an accountant in London and began to write while working in New York. Her works have won prizes from Zoetrope, Red Hen Press, the BBC and PEN International. In 2006 she was short listed for the Caine Prize for African Literature and her debut novel, Everything Good Will Come was awarded the Wole Soyinka Prize for Literature in Africa. It is forthcoming in France, Germany, Spain and Australia this year. Her second novel, Swallow, and collection of short stories, Lawless, will be published in April 2008 by Farafina, Nigeria. - Work in Issue 4, 10





Ruth Behar was born in Havana, Cuba and grew up in New York City. She is the recipient of a MacArthur “genius” Award, a John Simon Guggenheim Fellowship, and the Distinguished Alumna Award from Wesleyan University. Latina Magazine named her, in 1999, one of the 50 Latinas who made history in the twentieth century.

Behar has worked as an ethnographer in Spain, Mexico, and Cuba. Her books include The Presence of the Past in a Spanish Village, Translated Woman: Crossing the Border with Esperanza’s Story, and The Vulnerable Observer: Anthropology That Breaks Your Heart. Behar is co-editor of Women Writing Culture and editor of Bridges to Cuba, a pioneering forum of culture and art by Cubans on the island and in the diaspora.


A respected, visible, and provocative scholar, Behar is also known for her essays, poetry, fiction, and work as a filmmaker. Her classic essay, “Juban América,” appeared in King David’s Harp: Autobiographical Essays by Jewish Latin American Writers and her short story, “La Cortada,” was selected by Joyce Carol Oates for inclusion in Telling Stories: An Anthology for Writers. Behar’s poems have been published in Sephardic American Voices: Two Hundred Years of a Literary Legacy, Little Havana Blues: A Cuban-American Literature Anthology, and The Prairie Schooner Anthology of Jewish-American Writers. A chapbook of her poems, Poemas que vuelven a Cuba/Poems Returned to Cuba was published in Matanzas, Cuba by Ediciones Vigía, an editorial collective that produces handmade artisanal books in small editions. Her collection of prose poems, Everything I Kept/Todo lo que guardé, exploring the theme of loss, was published by Ediciones Vigía in 2001.


Behar wrote, directed, and produced Adio Kerida/Goodbye Dear Love: A Cuban Sephardic Journey, an 82-minute video documentary distributed by Women Make Movies  The documentary is based on the life stories of Sephardic Cuban Jews living in Cuba, Miami, and New York. It has been shown in film festivals all over the world. As an emerging filmmaker, she seeks to bring her humanistic and poetic vision of cultural anthropology to the art of the documentary film.


Behar received her B.A. in Letters (1977) from Wesleyan University, and her M.A. (1980) and Ph.D. in Cultural Anthropology (1983) from Princeton University. She is Professor of Anthropology at the University of Michigan. Further information about her work is available on her web site: - Work in Issue 3


Jürgen Becker, born in Köln, Germany, in 1932, is the author of over thirty books—novels, story collections, poetry collections, and plays—all published by Germany’s premier publisher, Suhrkamp. He has won numerous prizes in Germany, including the Heinrich Böll Prize, the Uwe Johnson Prize, and the Hermann Lenz Prize, among others. - Work in Issue 11


Sally Bellerose has received many awards including an NEA, The Barbara Deming Prize, and The Rick DeMatinis Award. Her recent work appears or is forthcoming in Rock and Sling, The Journal of Humanistic Anthropology, Cutthroat, Saint Ann’s Review, Cup of Comfort for Writers, Memoirs, and Crab Orchard Review. Her writing has always involved themes of sexuality, illness, and class. Her most recent writing, fiction inspired by the lives of her elderly parents, has only reinforced her interest in these issues. - Work in Issue 11

Dessale Berekhet is an Eritrean journalist, poet and translator.  He has a degree in English from Asmara University and is one of Eritrea's leading experts in Tigre. - Work in Issue 12

Kiran Bharthapudi is a freelance writer and a journalist in New York City. His flash fiction pieces were showcased on This is his first full-length short story. - Work in Issue 11


Rumjhum Biswas, is an erstwhile copywriter whose prose and poetry have been published in India and abroad, both in print and online. Notably in South, Words-Myth, Everyday Fiction, Muse India, Eclectica, Nth Position, The King's English, Arabesques Review, A Little Poetry, Poems Niederngasse, The Little Magazine - India and Going Down Swinging and Etchings – Australia. Her poem "Cleavage" was in the long list of the Bridport Poetry Competition 2006. She won third prize in a poetry contest run by Unisun Publishers India in February 2008. A flash fiction by her was shortlisted in the 2008 Kala Ghoda Arts Festival literature section Flash Fiction Contest managed by Caferati. Her poem "March" was commended in the Writelinks' Spring Fever Competition, 2008. She won third prize in the Muse India Poetry Contest 2008. Her story "Ahalya's Valhalla" is among the notable stories of 2007 in Story South's Million Writers' Award. She was a participating poet in the 2008 Prakriti Foundation Poetry Festival in Chennai. Links to her work at She blogs at - Work in Issue 17


Russell Bittner writes both fiction and poetry. His poetry has appeared in, among other places, The American Dissident, The Lyric, The International Journal of Erotica, Thieves Jargon, Southern Hum, Opium Magazine, and Different Voices. His fiction has been published widely, including in The International Journal of Erotica, Underground Voices and Skive. The first chapter of his novel, Trompe-l’oeil, (completed in 2004) will appear in Snow Monkey in its fall 2006 issue. The first six chapters of another novel, Girl from Baku are in Dead Drunk Dublin. - Work in Issue 4


Mel Bosworth is the author of When the Cats Razzed the Chickens (Folded Word Press, 2009). His work has appeared or is forthcoming in Prick of the Spindle, Annalemma, Lamination Colony, Wrong Tree Review, elimae, mud luscious, and Wigleaf, among others. In 2009 he received his first Pushcart Prize nomination for his story Leave Me as I Lessen (Heron, Folded Word Press, 2009). Mel lives, breathes, writes, and works in western Massachusetts. - Work in Issue 18


Rosa Alice Branco is a poet, essayist and translator. She has a Ph.D. in Philosophy and is Professor of the Theory of Perception at the Escola Superior of Arts and Design in Matosinhos and a researcher at the University of Aveiro. She has published eight volumes of poetry, including Spelling out the Day, her collected poems. Her two books of essays are What Prevents the World from Being a Picture and Visual Perception in Berkeley. Her poetry has appeared in various languages, including French, Spanish, Arabic, and English. Close to fifty of her poems have appeared in various literary magazines in the United States. She is the organizer of two International Poetry Festivals: “ Spoken Aloud” and “Meetings at Talabriga”, as well as various colloquia and literary publications. She is the President of Limiar, an association of cultural affairs. In July, 2009, Branco's book O gado de Senhor (Cattle of the Lord) won the 15,000 Euro (over $20,000) Great Spiral Poetry Prize granted to the best poetry collection of the year from Portugal, Galicia, Angola, or Brazil. - Work in Issues 6, 12, 17

Randall Brown is a teacher who lives outside of Philadelphia with his wife Meg, a cabaret singer, and their two children. He is a Pushcart nominee, a fiction editor with SmokeLong Quarterly, and on the editorial board of Philadelphia Stories. He holds an MFA in Fiction Writing from Vermont College (June 2006) and a BA from Tufts University. His stories, poems, and essays have been published widely, with work forthcoming in Clackamas Literary Review, Cairn, Del Sol Review, and The Saint Ann's Review.  He’s currently working on a short short collection, Mad To Live Randall was a fiction contributor in the first issue of Per Contra. - Work in Issues 1, 3


+ Richard Burgin is a fiction writer, editor, composer, critic and teacher.  Burgin is the author of 11 books, including the novel, Ghost Quartet (l999), and the short story collections The Spirit Returns (2001), Fear of Blue Skies (l998), Private Fame (1991), and Man Without Memory (l989).  The latter three books were each listed as a Notable Book of the Year by The Philadelphia Inquirer.  Burgin’s stories have won four Pushcart Prizes and 15 others have been listed by that prestigious anthology as being among the year’s best.  Other stories have been reprinted in the anthologies The Best of Witness and As the Story Goes: Twenty Five years of the Johns Hopkins Short Fiction Series, among others.  Burgin is also the author of Conversations with Isaac Bashevis Singer, which has been translated and published in four foreign language editions.  A major excerpt from the book appeared in two parts as the cover story in The New York Times Magazine.  Burgin was the founding editor of Boston Review and New York Arts Journal and the founding and current editor of the internationally distributed literary journal Boulevard (l985 to present), now in its 21st year of continuous publication.


Deborah Burnham has lived in Philadelphia for over thirty years, teaching literature and writing at the University of Pennsylvania, and writing poetry and fiction. Her book of poems, Anna and the Steel Mill, won the first book prize from Texas Tech University Press. Her new volume, Simplified to Blue, is in circulation. For twenty years, she directed the writing program at the Pennsylvania Governor’s School for the Arts. - Work in Issue 11


Jennifer Byrne writes short fiction, humor essays and poetry. Her writing has appeared in McSweeney's Internet Tendency,, and the Philadelphia Inquirer. She was among the top 25 winners in the 2007 Writer's Digest Short Short Fiction Competition, and was subsequently published in an anthology of competition winners. She recently won 2nd place in the Literary Short Story category at the Philadelphia Writer's Conference, and was among the top four winners of the 2007 Robert Benchley Award for Humor. She is currently working on a collection of short stories. - Work in Issue 9






Astrid Cabral is a leading poet and environmentalist from the Amazonian region of Brazil. She is the translator of Thoreau’s Walden and Civil Disobedience into Portuguese. Recent collections of her poetry include The Anteroom, Gazing Through Water, and Cage. Her work has appeared in over forty anthologies in Brazil and abroad. In this country, over fifty of her poems have appeared in Amazonian Literary Review, Cincinnati Review, Confrontation, Calque, Dirty Goat, Evansville Review, Home Planet News, Northwest Review, Osiris, Per Contra, Pleiades, Poetry East, Runes, Sirena and Two-Lines. - Work in Issues 9, 15


Shulamith Caine is the author of two books of poetry Love Fugue (Silverfish Review, l997), which won the Gerald Cable Poetry Prize for a first full-length book, and World and Local News, which won a chapbook competition by Alms House Press. Her poetry has won many awards, including first place in the Annual Poetry contest of Rock River Review, and the International Merit Award of the Atlanta Review. She is a recipient of a Pennsylvania Council on the Arts Fellowship for Literature and (also from PCA) a Special Opportunity Stipend. Under the United States government sponsorship, he has read her original poetry and lectured on American poetry in Bangladesh, India, Korea, The Philippines, Taiwan, China and Japan. - Work in Issue 3


Charles Cantalupo is the co-translator and co-editor of Who Needs a Story? Contemporary Eritrean Poetry in Tigrinya, Tigre and Arabic (Hdri Publishers: Asmara, 2006) and the writer and director of the new documentary, Against All Odds: African Languages and Literatures into the 21st Century (Michigan State University Press & African Books Collective: East Lansing & London, 2007). He also published two other books of Eritrean poetry translations, scholarly studies on Thomas Hobbes and Ngugi wa Thiong'o, and two books of poetry. - Work in Issues 12, 13


Alina Cârâc is an active translator of Romanian literature into English, including more than thirty volumes of drama, works of poetry, novels, collections of short stories and essays, and film scripts, as well as numerous books from English into Romanian. In 2002, she published her first novel, Letters from Parallel Worlds, in Romanian, and she has finished a second novel which is awaiting publication. She works as a senior editor with Press Group “Romania,” in charge of the publication, Romanian Panorama. - Work in Issue 10


Fernando Cazón Vera, born in Loja in 1950, is a major figure in artistic circles in Guayaquil. He is active in painting, graphics, theater and poetry. As a member of the generation of the 70s, he reveals in his art a deep sympathy for the marginalized urban poor. His painting is considered neo-expressionist, with evident influences from pop culture and conceptual art. The reflection of his artistic tendencies in his poetry make his style unique in contemporary Ecuadorian letters. Despite a substantial poetic output, most of his poetry has only appeared in marginal and limited editions, or in the form of mixed media constructions, pamphlets, or imbedded in larger visual projects. - Work in Issue 10


Joel Chadabe, composer, author, is an internationally recognized pioneer in the development of interactive music systems. He has concertized since 1969, with Jan Williams, Bruno Sperri, and other musicians, presenting his music at venues and festivals such as Klangprojektionen 4.4 (Vienna), Ear to the Earth (New York City), Computing Music IV (Cologne), HörZeit-SpielRaum 2005 (Berlin), ISCM Festival (Miami), NYU Interactive (NYC), New Mix (Palais de Tokyo, Paris), Chelsea Art Museum (New York), Expanded Instruments Festival (Engine 27, New York City), Centro Cultural Recoleta (Buenos Aires), Venice Biennale, Wellington Festival (New Zealand), Aarhus Festival (Denmark), De Isbreker (Amsterdam), New Music America, Inventionen (Berlin), IRCAM (Paris), Stedelijk Museum (Amsterdam), Ars Electronica (Linz, Austria), Electronic Music Festival (Stockholm), and New Music New York. His music is recorded on EMF Media, Deep Listening, CDCM, Centaur, Lovely Music, Opus One, CP2, and Folkways labels.

In 1977, with Roger Meyers, he co-authored The PLAY Program, the first software sequencer. As president of Intelligent Music from 1983-1994, he was responsible for the development and publication of a wide range of innovative and historically important software, including M and Max, as well as a touch-sensitive computer input device. He was keynote speaker at the NIME (New Interfaces for Musical Expression) Conference in 2002 in Dublin, sponsored by the MIT Media Lab; and at the International Computer Music Conference in Berlin in 2000. He has presented papers at EMS05 (Montreal), Resonances (IRCAM, Paris), Intersens (Marseilles), ISEA98 (Liverpool), at several SEAMUS and ICMC conferences, and at many other conferences; participated in panels at WISP (Sydney), ICMC 05 (Barcelona), and at many other conferences and symposia; and presented lectures, workshops, and demonstrations at Florida International University, IRCAM, Zurich Conservatory, Brown University, Experience Music Project (Seattle), University of Californa at Santa Barbara, CCMIX (Paris), University of California at San Diego, and at many other universities and venues. He has received awards, fellowships, and grants from the National Endowment for the Arts, New York State Council on the Arts, Ford Foundation, Rockefeller Foundation, Fulbright Commission, SUNY Research Foundation, New York Foundation for the Arts, and other foundations.

As author, his book, Electric Sound: The Past and Promise of Electronic Music, published by Prentice Hall in November 1996, is the first comprehensive overview of the history of electronic music. His articles on electronic music have appeared in Organized Sound, Leonardo, Computer Music Journal, Contemporary Music Review, Leonardo, Journal of New Music Research, Leonardo Music Journal, Electronic Musician, Perspectives of New Music, Electronic Music Review, Melos, Musique en Jeu, and many other journals and magazines, and several of his articles have been anthologized in books by MIT Press, Routledge, Feltrinelli, and other publishers.

Mr. Chadabe has a B.A. degree from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and an M.M. degree from Yale University, where he studied composition with Elliott Carter. He is currently Professor Emeritus at State University of New York at Albany; Director of the Computer Music Studio at Manhattan School of Music; Visiting Faculty at New York University; and Founder and President of Electronic Music Foundation, a not-for-profit organization that disseminates information and materials relating to the history and current practice of electronic music and organizes concerts and other events. - Work in Issue 6

Cheryl Chambers is a poet and fiction writer.  Her work has been published at The Hiss Quarterly, Ascent Aspirations, eclectica and FRiGG, among others.  She reads for the flash fiction publication Vestal Review. - Work in Issue 7

Fred Chappell is the author of a dozen books of verse, two story collections, and eight novels. A native of Canton in the mountains of western North Carolina, he has taught at the University of North Carolina at Greensboro since 1964. He is the winner of, among other awards, the Bollingen Prize in Poetry, Aiken Taylor Prize, T. S. Eliot Prize, and Roanoke-Chowan Poetry Prize seven times over. - Work in Issue 12

Kelly Cherry Kelly Cherry’s new book, published in October, 2007 is Hazard and Prospect: New and Selected Poems (LSU Press).  She is currently working on a new collection of short stories.  She lives with her husband, fiction writer Burke Davis III, on a small farm in Virginia. - Work in Issue 7, 9

Elaine Chiew lives in London, England with her husband and two children. She was a corporate securities lawyer before becoming a full-time mother and writer. Her work has appeared in Night Train, Juked, Storyglossia, Edifice Wrecked, The Summerset Review and In Posse Review, among others. She has work forthcoming in Better Non Sequitur's anthology, See You Next Tuesday 2, Dzanc Books' Best of the Web 2007 anthology (edited by Steve Almond and Nathan Leslie), Hobart (print) and Alimentum. - Work in Issue 13

Maritza Cino (Guayaquil, 1957).  Cino´s primary concern is freedom. In her poetry, she struggles against traditional assumptions and modes of expression. This struggle is reflected in stylistic challenges to the norms of grammar and syntax, as well as in her personal questioning of accepted social paradigms. Her poetry can be seen as an act of defiance against the given in the two realms that concern her most, the sexual and the linguistic. This is her second appearance in Per Contra. Her publications are: Poetry: Algo parecido al juego (Guayaquil, 1983), A cinco minutos de la bruma (Guayaquil, 1987), Invenciones del retorno (Guayaquil,1992), Entre el juego y la bruma (Guayaquil, 1995), Infiel a la sombra (Quito, 2000). Anthologies: La palabra perdurable (Quito, 1991), Between the Silence of Voices: An Anthology of Contemporary Ecuadorean Women Poets (Quito, 1997), Poesía y cuento ecuatorianos (Cuenca, 1998), Poesía erótica de mujeres: Antología del Ecuador (Quito, 2001). - Work in Issues 10, 13

Dave Clapper edits SmokeLong Quarterly and writes fiction. His work has appeared in a number of publications, most recently in FRiGG. - Work in Issue 10


Wiley Clements lives in Lewisburg, PA, in retirement after a long career, first as a miltary journalist and later as a developer of health maintenance organizations (HMO's). Besides publishing in a good many print journals, anthologies and online magazines he published, in 2004, a collection of poems entitled Yesterday, or Long Ago. Miss McFarland published some of his earliest poems in Senior Scholastic Magazine in 1946 when he was a high school student. He says that “her encouraging remarks started me on a lifetime of versifying.” - Work in Issue 10


Paula Marantz Cohen is Distinguished Professor of English at Drexel University. She is the author of four nonfiction books: The Daughter's Dilemma: Family Process and the Nineteenth-Century Domestic Novel and The Daughter as Reader: Encounters Between Literature and Life (both from U of Michigan Press), Alfred Hitchcock: The Legacy of Victorianism (U Press of Kentucky), and Silent Film and the Triumph of the American Myth (Oxford UP). Jane Austen in Scarsdale or Love, Death, and the SATs is her third novel, following Jane Austen in Boca and Much Ado About Jessie Kaplan (all from St. Martin's Press). She is Co-Editor of jml: The Journal of Modern Literature and the host of The Drexel InterView, a cable talk show. Her essays and stories have appeared in The Yale Review, Raritan, The American Scholar, The Hudson Review, Boulevard, and others. She also writes frequently for The Times Literary Supplement (London). - Work in Issue 3

Elizabeth J. Coleman’s poetry has appeared in the Connecticut Review, The Raintown Review, “J” Journal, Legal Studies Forum, The Lyric, Contemporary Rhyme and other publications. Her poetry will also be in an upcoming issue of 32 Poems. Elizabeth is the author of a poetry chapbook, The Saint of Lost Things, published by Word Temple Press, and her translations of poetry into French have appeared in Per Contra. She serves on the Board of the Poetry Society of America.

Coleman is founder and President of the Beatrice R. and Joseph A. Coleman Foundation for environmental and social justice, and of Professional Stress Management Solutions, Ltd. An attorney, she is co-author of Commercial and Consumer Warranties: Drafting, Performing and Litigating (Matthew Bender 1987). Elizabeth also performs as a classical guitarist. - Works in Issue 12, 14


H.R. Coursen's 32nd book of poetry, 'Blues in the Night' was published by Moon Pie Press in March 2010. He was a featured poet at the Plunkett Festival at University of Maine, Augusta, in April. He lives in Brunswick, Maine and teaches Aviation History at Embry Riddle and Shakespeare at Southern New Hampshire University. - Work in Issues 17, 19


Wesli Court is an anagram pen name of Lewis Turco whose latest books are The Collected Lyrics of Lewis Turco/Wesli Court 1953-2004; Fearful Pleasures: The Complete Poems of Lewis Turco 1959-2007; The Museum of Ordinary People and Other Stories, (2008) and Satan’s Scourge: A Narrative of the Age of Witchcraft in England and New England 1580-1697, (2009). - Work in Issues 11, 14


Gastão Cruz is a poet, critic, and translator. Born in Faro, Portugal (1941), he has published twenty books of poetry in Portuguese, as well as poetry in French. He published a book of poetry criticism, Portuguese Poetry Today. He has translated plays by Shakespeare, Strindberg and Chekov as well as poetry by Blake. He co-founded a repertory theater company that was active for more than two decades. His work received many awards, among which are the PEN Award for Poetry in 1985, and the Poetry Award of the Portuguese Association of Writers. - Work in Issue 17


David Curzon is a poet, essayist and translator. He is a contributing editor of the Forward newspaper and a contributing editor of The Jerusalem Review He retired from the United Nations in September 2001, having served as Chief of the Central Evaluation Unit, and, earlier as its Chief of the Program Planning Unit. His books include: Midrashim (Cross-Cultural Communications, 1991); Modern Poems on the Bible: An Anthology (The Jewish Publication Society of America, 1994); The Gospels in Our Image: An Anthology of Twentieth Century Poetry (Harcourt, Brace, 1995); Dovchik (Penguin Books, Australia, 1995); The View From Jacob's Ladder (The Jewish Publication Society of America, 1996); (with Katharine Washburn) "The Madness of Heracles" in David R. Slavitt and Palmer Bovie (eds) Euripides, 4 (University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia, 1999); (translator, with Jeffrey Fiskin) Eustache Deschamps: Selected Poems (Routledge, 2003); Astonishments, Selected Poems of Anna Kamienska, Edited and translated by Grazyna Drabik and David Curzon, Paraclete Press, 2007. He is represented in two Oxford anthologies and in the twentieth century section of World Poetry (Norton, 1998). Individual poems, short essays, columns, reviews and translations have been published in journals in the United States, the United Kingdom, Israel and Australia and elsewhere. A translated monologue, Goethe's "Persephone," was produced off Broadway in 1998 at the Harold Clurman theatre. - Work in Issue 13




Mariana Dan is the author of twelve books including three collections of poetry. She was born in Bucharest but has lived for almost thirty years in Belgrade, Serbia. Dan was educated at the University of Bucharest and received her doctorate from the University of Belgrade, where she now heads the Romanian department. A participant in the neo-avantgardist movement of the 1970s and 80, Klokotrism, Dan’s interests range from Romanian literature to the Romanian minority in Serbia. She is an important link between the Serbian and Romanian literatures. Angels at the Bus Stop (2006), where these poems derive, is her most recent book of poetry.  Poems from this book are appearing in Words Without Borders, Puerto del Sol, Subtropics and Rhino in joint versions with Adam Sorkin. - Work in Issue 12

Tsitsi Dangarembga (b. 1959) is a writer and film-maker living in Harare, Zimbabwe.  In l988 she published the first novel in her Tabudzai Trilogy, Nervous Conditions.  Nervous Conditions, won the Commonwealth Writers Prize (1989).  The second novel in the trilogy, The Book of Not, was published in 2006.   “Through the Looking Glass” is an excerpt from the third novel in the Triology, Bira.]  She is also a playwright: She No Longer Weeps (pub. 1987), The Lost of the Soil, and The Third One.  She studied film at the She studied at the Deutsche Film und Fernseh Akademie. She wrote the story for Neria, and directed the feature film, Everyone’s Child.  She and her husband, Olaf Koschke, run Nyerai Films.  She also organizes the International Images Film Festival for Women.  Click Here to read the Per Contra Interview with Tsitsi Dangarembga. - Work in Issue 10

Nadine Darling A native of San Francisco, California, now residing in the greater Boston area, Nadine Darling is presently working on her first novel while simultaneously assembling a debut short story collection. In 2006, she was twice nominated for a Pushcart Prize, won first prize in the Blue Earth Review flash fiction contest, and second prize in the Pint and Pen fiction contest, in addition to being an honored finalist in other competitions. Most recently, her short fiction can be found in the journals: Salt Flats Annual, Alice Blue Review, Eyeshot, Duck & Herring Pocket Field Guide, SmokeLong Quarterly, Ghoti, Thieves Jargon, and Night Train. You are welcome to visit her website at - Work in Issue 6

Dr. Eric Denker is the Senior Lecturer at the National Gallery of Art, where he has been since 1978. From 1998 to 2006, Dr. Denker also has served as the Curator of Prints and Drawings at the Corcoran, overseeing the permanent collection and coordinating an active exhibition schedule including historical shows of Sargent drawings, Whistler and his Circle in Venice, Childe Hassam, and contemporary exhibitions focusing on Thiebaud, Lichtenstein, and William T. Wiley.

He attended Dickinson College in Pennsylvania, and received his doctorate from the University of Virginia, writing on James McNeill Whistler. He also serves as an adjunct professor at both Georgetown University and at Cornell University’s Washington Semester. He frequently lectures in Italy for the Smithsonian Institution and for the Scuola Internazionale di Grafica in Venice, and in Washington on Venice, Italian art, Dutch painting, French 19th-century art, and printmaking.  - Work in Issue 13

Stephen Dixon teaches fiction at Johns Hopkins University. He has published fifteen collections of short fiction and fifteen novels. His  62-story collection WHAT IS ALL THIS? is to be published this summer by  Fantagraphics Books  His most recent novels are Phone Rings (2005), and The End of I (2006) and Meyer (2007). He has received two NEA fiction fellowships, a Guggenheim, a Literature Award from the Academy-Institute of Arts and Letters, an O.Henry Prize, a Stanford University Stegner fellowship, 1964, and the Train Prize (Paris Review).  - Work in Issues 10, 15, 18

Frankie Drayus writes poetry and short stories.  Her work has appeared or is forthcoming in Ninth Letter, Third Coast, Boxcar Poetry Review, diode, poemeleon, Barrow Street, Passages North (finalist in Just Desserts Short Fiction Contest), and Art/Life Ltd. Editions Mid-American Review chose her short-short as a finalist in the 2007 Fineline Competition, and her poetry manuscript, Tuesday like citrine, was a finalist for the May Swenson Poetry Award.  She earned an MFA in Creative Writing at New York University, and now lives in Los Angeles where she was recently Artist in Residence at Beyond Baroque Literary/Arts Center.  - Work in Issue 12





Victor Ehikhamenor has been named Leon Forrest Scholar in Fiction, one of 12 Africana Scholars, by the Pan-African Literary Forum.  Hewas born in Udomi-Uwessan in Edo State, Nigeria. His fiction and non-fiction are published or forthcoming in The Washington Post, Wasafiri, Transition, English in Africa Journal, Trespass Magazine and others.

Ehikhamenor is also an avid painter and photographer whose arts have been widely exhibited and collected worldwide. His works have been used for notable book and journal covers including Chimanmada Adichie’s Purple Hibiscus, Helon Habila’s Measuring Times, Jonathan Luckett’s Feeding Frenzy, Unoma Azuah’s, Skyhigh Flames and Dreams, Miracles & Jazz: New Adventures in African Writing, edited by Helon Habila and Kadija Sesay Ehikhamenor received an MS in Technology Management from University of Maryland, University College and his MFA in Fiction from University of Maryland, College Park . He maintains a home in the United States and Nigeria. - Work in Issue 11


Okla Elliott is currently the Illinois Distinguished Fellow at the University of Illinois, where he is a PhD candidate in comparative literature. He also holds an MFA from Ohio State University. In addition to his American education, he has studied at Universities and Institutes in Germany, Mexico, Poland, and Quebec. For the academic year 2008-09, he was a visiting assistant professor of creative writing at Ohio Wesleyan University. His non-fiction, poetry, short fiction, and translations have appeared in A Public Space, Cold Mountain Review, Indiana Review, International Poetry Review, The Literary Review, Natural Bridge, New Letters, North Dakota Quarterly, and the Sewanee Theological Review, among others, and his journalistic writings have appeared in several newspapers. His plays have been produced at Ohio State University and Louisiana Tech University. His books include a limited edition poetry collection, The Mutable Wheel (illustrated by Brian Zegeer, MFA, Univ. of Pennsylvania), published with funding from the NC Arts Council and the United Arts Council of Greensboro, and a chapbook, Lucid Bodies and Other Poems (MSR Press, 2006). He is also co-editor, with Kyle Minor, of The Other Chekhov (New American Press, 2008). - Work in Issues 10, 17


Chris Ellis was born in Brighton, UK in 1959. He has worked as a salesman, a swordsman in historic re-enactments, and a barman. In 2006 he became homeless, and spent most of that winter sleeping in a car park. This did not do much for his health, as he is asthmatic. Eventually, after four months he was given a place in a hostel.  Chris attended a writing project called Write For Life, organized by community publisher QueenSpark Books. It was for those who had experienced homelessness. As a result, he had a publication in their anthology, Roofless.  He also had a poem published on the BBC website No Homes.  In 2007 he attended a second series of workshops, Writing for a Living, and learned about fiction, non-fiction, journalism and writing for radio. At present he still lives in the hostel, but is doing more and more writing, and one day hopes to make a living from it. - Work in Issue 10


Daniel Mark Epstein is the author of seven books of poetry, including Young Men’s Gold, Spirits, The Boy in the Well, and The Traveler’s Calendar. His poems have appeared in the New Yorker, The Atlantic Monthly, The New Republic, and many other magazines. For his work he has received a Guggenheim Fellowship, the Prix de Rome, and the Academy Award from the American Academy of Arts and Letters. - Work in Issue 6


David Erlewine's fiction has been published or is forthcoming in a variety of journals, including Elimae, Hobart, In Posse Review,  Pindeldyboz, The Pedestal Magazine, Six Sentences, SmokeLong Quarterly, Word Riot, and the anthology What Happened to Us These Last Couple Years? - Work in Issue 19


Rhina P. Espaillat, Dominican-born and bilingual, has translated poetry into and out of English and her native Spanish, and composes poems, essays and short stories in both languages. Her seven books and three chapbooks include, most recently, Playing at Stillness, a collection of her poems in English; Agua de dos rios/Water from Two Rivers, bilingual poems and essays; and El olor de la memoria/The Scent of Memory, bilingual short stories. She has won several national awards, including the T. S. Eliot Prize in Poetry, the Richard Wilbur Award, the Oberon Prize, the Frost Foundation's "Tree at My Window" Award, and various prizes from the Poetry Society of America and the New England Poetry Club, as well as a number of honors from the Dominican Ministry of Culture and the City University of New York. Her work appears frequently in literary magazines, anthologies and websites. She lives in Newburyport, MA, where she is active with the Powow River Poets. - Work in Issues 10, 12


Siomara España was born in 1976 in Manabi, a coastal region famous for its beaches and its jungle-covered hills. Her poetry has strong confessional and erotic strains. Her sensuality, however, is matched by the shadow of a serious fascination with death. The Return of Lolita, soon to come out, was preceded less than a year before by her first book length collection, Concupiscence. She lives and teaches in Guayaquil. The publication of these five poems in Per Contra marks her first appearance in the United States. Her work will be appearing in Alexis Levitin's forthcoming collection of translations: Five Ecuadorian Women Poets. - Work in Issue 12


Mary Estrada lives and writes in a town where bougainvilleas bloom in December. Her Pushcart nominated stories have appeared in Cezanne's Carrot. Her story "Temperance" is featured in the 2006 Best of the Net Anthology. She is an editor for Flashquake magazine. - Work in Issue 6


David Evanier has published eight books, including “The Great Kisser,” “The One-Star Jew,” “The Swinging Headhunter,” and “Red Love.” He received the Aga Khan Fiction Prize and has appeared in “Best American Short Stories.” His fiction was published in The Paris Review, The Antioch Review, Southwest Review, TriQuarterly, Pequod, Witness, Ninth Letter, Confrontation, Saint Ann’s Review, and in the anthologies “On Being Jewish” and “Congregation: Writers Read the Jewish Bible.” - Work in Issues 13, 14

Zdravka Evtimova was born in Pernik, Bulgaria. Her short stories have appeared in American journals such as Antioch Review, Massachusetts Review, Belvue Literary review, Hobart, the anthology “New Sudden Fiction” 2007  etc, as well as in various journals in UK, Canada, Australia, Austria, Germany, France, Japan, Russia, India, Denmark, Czech Republic, Poland, Hungary, Argentina, Turkey, Romania, Nepal, Iran, South Africa, Macedonia, Albania and Serbia.

Her short story collection, Bitter Sky” was published by “Skrev Press” UK, 2003, her short story collection “Somebody Else” was published by MAG Press, USA in 2004, her novel, God of Traitors, was published by Books for a Buck, USA in January 2007. Her short story collection, Miss Daniella, was published by Skrev Press, UK, in April 2007.

Her short story “Vassil” was one of the 15 award winning stories in the BBC world-wide short story competition 2005. In was broadcast by Radio BBC UK in February 2006.  Her short story “It Is Your Turn” was one of the ten award winning story, which after a world-wide competition was included in the anthology “Dix auteurs du monde entire” (Ten Writers from All over the world’ In Nantes, France, 2005. Her short story “Blood of a Mole” was included in the anthology “New Sudden Fiction” USA 2007, containing the best short stories under 2000 words published in USA since 2000.

In Bulgaria Zdravka Evtimova has won a number of literary awards including the Gencho Stoev 2004 literary award for a short story by a Balkan Author, the Razvitie Literary Award for best Bulgarian contemporary novel in 2000, Best Prose Work 2003 award of the Union of Bulgarian Writers for her novel “Thursday.” etc. - Work in Issue 15




Sean Farragher is founder and publisher of Great River Press, which publishes poetry and fiction e-books. Great River Press also publishes the BLAST ANNUAL, a poetry and fiction e-zine. Sean's personal Website contains selections from his many years of writing and teaching poetry as part of the original poet-in-the schools program. - Work in Issue 4


Gordon Fellman is Professor of Sociology and Chair of the Peace, Conflict, and Coexistence Studies Program (PAX) at Brandeis University.  He has been a member of the Brandeis faculty since 1964, having previously obtained a BA from Antioch College and a Ph.D. in Sociology from Harvard University.  During his tenure at Brandeis, Professor Fellman has been both a witness to, and a participant in, many campus events that had national significance. In the late 1960s and early 1970s the occupation of Ford Hall and the organization of the National Strike Center were seminal moments in the history of American and African- American student activism. In the 1980s Professor Fellman was active in the American Anti-Apartheid movement, and in particular opposing the use of University investments in South Africa. He has been crucial in bringing world attention to the plight of Tibet and in organizing the 1998 visit of the Dalai Lama to Brandeis. His publications include The Deceived Majority: Politics and Protest in Middle America (1973), and Rambo and the Dalai Lama: The Compulsion to Win and its Threat to Human Survival (1998). - Work in Issue 3


Mary Feuer makes her living as a screenwriter, working primarily in television and feature films. Her original web series, "With the Angels," created for the online network Strike.TV, was recently honored with Streamy Award nominations for writing and directing, and can be seen at Mary's short story, "Valentine's Day at the Psych Hospital," appears in the anthology, What Was I Thinking: 58 Bad Boyfriend Stories, from Saint Martin’s Press. She has been a finalist for both the Alexander Patterson Cappon Prize for Fiction and the Mary C. Mohr Fiction Award, and her story “House on Fire” won the Grand Prize in the 2006 Writer’s Digest competition (which had more than 19000 entries). - Work in Issue 15


Kathy Fish’s stories are published or forthcoming in Quick Fiction, Denver Quarterly, Indiana Review, New South and elsewhere. Her collection of short shorts is available from Rose Metal Press in a book entitled "A Peculiar Feelings of Restlessness: Four Chapbooks of Short Short Fiction by Four Women." - Work in Issues 4, 10, 12


Ioan Flora, author of fifteen books of poetry, among them Lecture on the Ostrich-Camel (1995), The Swedish Rabbit (1998), Medea and Her War Machines (2000), died in February 2005 only a few days after the publication of his final book of poems, whose title, ironically, was a black-humor variation on Manet’s Déjeuner sur l’herbe — in Romanian, Dejun sub iarba or Luncheon Under the Grass. Flora won prizes at the Struga Poetry Festival, from the Writers’ Union of the Republic of Moldova, and from both the Romanian Writers’ Union and Association of Professional Writers in Romania (aspro), among other awards. He was born in Yugoslavia in the Romanian-speaking region of the Serbian Banat across the Danube from Romania, and lived in Bucharest during the 1990s, working for the Museum of Romanian Literature and then the Romanian Writers’ Union. His poems have appeared in Adam J. Sorkin's collaborative versions in Sorkin's anthology of Romanian prose poetry, Speaking the Silence (2001), as well as in Natural Bridge, Chase Park, River City, Visions International, Facets, Ellipsis, Hunger Mountain, Archipelago, Mantis, Rhino, Tar Wolf Review, New Orleans Review, Philadelphia Poets, Words Without Borders, Saranac Review, Divide, The Hamilton Stone Review and Zoland Poetry. - Work in Issue 9


Jack Foley is a poet and critic living in the San Francisco Bay area. His poetry books include Letters/Lights—Words for Adelle; Gershwin; Exiles; Adrift (nominated for a Bay Area Book Reviewers Award); and Greatest Hits 1974-2003. His books of criticism include the companion volumes, O Powerful Western Star (winner of the Artists Embassy Literary/Cultural Award 1998-2000) and Foley’s Books: California Rebels, Beats, and Radicals as well as The Dancer and the Dance: A Book of Distinctions. Foley’s radio show, Cover to Cover, is heard every Wednesday at 3:00 p.m. west coast time on Berkeley station KPFA and is available at the KPFA web site; his column, “Foley’s Books,” appears in the online magazine, The Alsop Review. He is well known for his poetry performances with his wife Adelle, also a poet. - Work in Issue 19


Valerie Fox's most recent book is Bundles of Letters, Including A, V and Epsilon (Texture Press), written with Arlene Ang. Previous books of poems are The Rorschach Factory (Straw Gate Books) and Amnesia, or, Ideas for movies (Texture Press). Her work has appeared in many magazines, including Hanging Loose, Per Contra, Siren, Phoebe, Watershed, and West Branch. Very involved in collaborative writing, she and Arlene Ang have collaborated in the writing of poetry and fiction, publishing in magazines such as Admit 2, Defenestration and Qarrtsiluni. She was a founding co-editor of 6ix magazine (1990-2000), and currently edits Press 1, a journal of fiction, poetry, opinion, and photography, found at - Work in Issue 17


Anne Frydman, who passed away last spring, was a poet and translator whose original poetry has appeared in a number of literary magazines, as have her translations. Many of her translations of Sergei Dovlatov’s work were published in The New Yorker. She translated Osip Mandelstam: 394 with Jean Valentine. Among her translations from the Russian, OURS: A Russian Family Album, By Sergei Dovlatov was a New York Times Notable Book in 1989. She also translated Dovlatov’s The Compromise, (1983) and At His Side: The Last Years of Isaac Babel, by A. N. Pirozhkova, (with Robert L. Busch) (1996). She was a Fellow in the Columbia University Society of Fellows in the Humanities. She was also on the faculty of Johns Hopkins University. - Work in Issues 10, 15





Avital Gad-Cykman writes and lives in Brazil. She also travels and publishes as much as possible. Her work has appeared in McSweeney's, Glimmer Train, Michigan Quarterly Review, Prism International and in many anthologies and collections. Her book is ready to go. - Work in Issue 19


Petina Gappah is a Zimbabwean writer with law degrees from the University of Zimbabwe, Graz University in Austria and the University of Cambridge.  Her short fiction has been published in literary journals and anthologies in Kenya, Nigeria, South Africa, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, Zimbabwe, and is forthcoming in an anthology by OV Books of Chicago. In 2007, she came second in a Southern Africa-wide short story contest organised by the South Africa Centre of International PEN and judged by J.M. Coetzee. She lives in Geneva, Switzerland, with her son Kush, where she works as a lawyer for the ACWL, an organisation that advises developing countries on WTO law. She is currently completing her first novel, polishing a collection of short stories, and researching a biography of Zimbabwean musicians the Bhundu Boys. - Work in Issues 4, 8


Muthoni Garland  is a Kenyan writer with several published short stories: “Tracking the Scent of My Mother,” from Seventh Street Alchemy (UK), was short-listed for the 2006 Caine Prize. “Odour of Fate” was the 2003 Absinthe Literary Review (USA) short story of the year. “Kamau’s Finish” appeared in Memories of Sun, a HarperCollins ( USA ) anthology for children. “Eating,”appeared in Kwani? Literary Journal (Kenya). In 2007 they will also publish “The Obituary Man.”  “Wamuyu’s Cross” appeared in the Chimurenga Literary Journal (SA).The Reading Room (USA) published “The Adoration.” Muthoni is married to Wallace and they have four children. She is working on her first novel. - Work in Issue 6


George Garrett is the author of thirty-six books (including eight collections of poems) and editor/co-editor of twenty-one others.  He has retired from forty-five years of teaching, and lives in Charlottesville, Virginia. - Work in Issue 4


Clifford Garstang holds an M.F.A. from Queens University of Charlotte, N.C., as well as a B.A. in Philosophy from Northwestern University, an M.A. in English and a J.D. from Indiana University, and an M.P.A. from Harvard University’s John F. Kennedy School of Government. He was a Peace Corps Volunteer in South Korea, and during his career in international law he practiced for many years in Singapore, Chicago and Los Angeles with one of the largest U.S. law firms. While serving with the World Bank in Washington, D.C., he worked extensively in China, Vietnam and Indonesia.

Garstang’s fiction has appeared in Shenandoah, The Baltimore Review, Potomac Review, and elsewhere. He currently lives in Virginia’s Shenandoah Valley. - Work in Issue 13

Vanessa Gebbie is a writer, teacher and editor living in the UK. Since her first short story was accepted for publication in 2004, Vanessa’s work has appeared in print in the UK, USA, Canada, New Zealand, India and Ireland. Her stories have also been published in many online literary journals, translated into Italian and Vietnamese, broadcast on BBC radio and distributed on London Underground.

Her novel-in-progress won a first prize in The Daily Telegraph Novel Competition, 2007. Other successes include winning second prizes in two major short story competitions in the same year: Bridport and Fish, 2007. Vanessa teaches Creative Writing in schools and adult workshops.  She has worked with addicts in rehabilitation facilities and with other marginalised adults. Her work has led to the publication of anthologies of writing by the homeless, refugees and asylum seekers.

She is founder and editor of Tom’s Voice Magazine, an ezine dedicated to writing by those whose lives have been touched by addiction.  Many of Vanessa Gebbie’s award winning stories have been brought together for the first time by Salt Publishing of Cambridge, UK, in her debut collection Words from a Glass Bubble. - Work in Issue 10

Rulan W. Geiger studied art both in China and the United States. She received an M.F.A. from the University of Pennsylvania and an M.F.A. from the Graduate School of the Central Academy of Fine Arts in Beijing, China. She has taught at the Philadelphia Museum of Art, the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts and Philadelphia Textile & Science College. Her work is in collections at Wellesley College and Harvard University. She has had one person exhibitions, among other places at Harvard University, The University of Pennsylvania and JKD Gallery in Santa Monica, California. Among her group exhibitions are the National Museum of Art in Beijng, China, Los Angeles County Museum of Art, and the Institute of Contemporary Art at the University of Pennsylvania, as well as being included in an Art Exhibition by one hundred Chinese Women Artists in Hong Kong. Her work is included in and the subject of articles in The New York Times, Painters and Politics in The People's Republic of China (University of California Press). and A Collection of Art Work by 20th Century Chinese Women Artists, (File Publishing House, Beijing), Contemporary Chinese Women Painters , Foreign Language Publishing House, Beijing). - Work in Issue 3


Alicia Gifford lives in the Los Angeles area where much of her short fiction is set. Her stories appear in a number of journals including Narrative Magazine, Confrontation, Best American Erotica 2005, 2005 Robert Olen Prize Stories, The Barcelona Review, McSweeney's Internet Tendency, SmokeLong Quarterly, Ink Pot and more. Her short story "Toggling the Switch" won Best Online Story for 2004 in the Million Writers Award. She is the fiction editor of the literary magazine Night Train. - Work in Issue 3

Gagan Gill was born in 1959 in Delhi. Considered one of the outstanding poets of her generation, she had an extremely successful career as a journalist, but chose to give up the journalist to the poet in her in order to secure the 'long periods of silence in her everyday life' which she considered necessary to remain 'truly connected to words'.  Gagan Gill has published four collections of poetry and two volumes of prose: her first collection, Ek din lautegi larki (One day the girl will return), focuses on the gamut of female experience (but also includes epigrams and verses about political events); the poems in Andhere me Buddha (Buddha in the darkness) are variations on the theme of sorrow in human existence; her third volume, Yah akanksha samay nahin (This is Not the Time of/for desire), is dedicated to the enigma of desire; the songs of her fourth collection, Thapak thapak dil thapak thapak, (thump, thump heart thump, thump)rely on sound and images, rather than narratives, to crystallize suffering as the one constant in the impermanence of human existence. Those who are familiar with Buddhism will see the reflections of the Buddha's four noble truths in much of Gagan's writing.

Gagan Gill was a visiting writer at Iowa International Writing Program in 1990 and a Nieman Fellow for Journalism at Harvard University in 1992-93. She lives in New Delhi. - Work in Issues 11, 12

Odi Gonzales Born in Cusco, Peru, in 1962, Odi Gonzales is a Peruvian poet who writes in Quechua and in Spanish. In Peru, he studied Industrial Engineering and Literature. In the United States he has done Masters and PhD. work in Latin American Literature at the University of Maryland, College Park. He is a specialist in Quechua Oral Tradition and has worked as an researcher and translator of Quechua myths, legends, rituals, and oral literature for the Smithsonian National Museum of the American Indian, the National Foreign Language Center, and National Geographic Television in Washington D.C.


Odi Gonzales is the author of five collections of poems: La Escuela de Cusco/the School of Cusco (2005), Tunupa: El Libro de las Sirenas/Tunupa: The Book of the Sirens (2002), Almas en Pena/Souls in Pain (1998), Valle Sagrado/Sacred Valley (1993), and Juego de Ninos/The Children’s Game (1988). He has also published a book of Spanish translations of the poems of the Quechua poet Andres Alencastre, Taki Parwa/22: Poemas de Kilku Warak’a (2000) and Vírgenes Urbanas/City Virgins, texts in Spanish, Quechua and English that accompany the photographic exhibition of Peruvian artist Ana de Orbegoso. (2006).


In 1992, Gonzales won Peru’s Cesar Vallejo National Poetry Prize, el Premio Nacional de Poesia Cesar Vallejo, from El Comercio, one of Peru’s leading daily newspapers, and the Prize in Poetry from the Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos de Lima.


Odi Gonzales has participated in various festivals, such as the International Book Fair of Guadalajara 2005—in which Peru was the Honored Guest-. In 2006, he participated in the International Poetry Festival of Medellín, Colombia, and in the Second Languages of America Poetry Festival sponsored by the UNAM of Mexico. Also in 2006, he participated in the International Bookfair of Guadalajara, to which he was invited by the Indigenous Language Institute of the Autonomous University of Mexico. In January of 2007, he visited Quito, for the Ritual of the Word, Intercultural Poetry Festival, organized by the Ecuadorian Ministry of Eduaction and Culture.


Currently, Gonzales resides in Peru and is working on his doctoral thesis. - Work in Issue 9


+ Paul D. Green is a Professor of English at West Chester University in West Chester, PA. He received his Ph.D. from Harvard University with High Honors. His academic writing has appeared in such places as Journal of the History of Ideas, Studies in the Renaissance, Studies in English Literature: 1500 - 1900, as well as in a number of anthologies of selected scholarly conference papers.


* Peter Groesbeck A winner of the Toppan Drawing Prize, the Cecilia Beaux Portrait Prize, and the Cresson Traveling Scholarship at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, Peter Groesbeck is currently employed by Drexel University and maintains a freelance photography business.  His work has been most recently displayed at the Pentimenti Gallery, Philadelphia, and the JMS Gallery in Chestnut Hill, PA.  His photography has appeared in Darkroom Photography, Collector’s Photography, Popular Photography, and has been published in several books, including Graphis Nude, and Sensual Photography.


Fion Gunn is a gallery artist with David Curzon Gallery, Wimbledon and has shown at the Affordable Art Fair in London. She also shows with "Regard sur Objets", Monmartre, Paris and will be showing at the Grand Foire d'Art Contemporain at la Bastille in May 2005, Artspace 2005 in Henley-on-Thames, the Wine Gallery in Chelsea and with the London Arts Cafe in Hoxton over the next few months.  Examples of her work can be viewed at  She can be contacted at - Work in Issue 1


+ Al Gury is a painter, educator, curator and writer who lives and works in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He teaches painting and drawing at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts in Philadelphia, where he is Chair of the nation¹s oldest painting and drawing program. Gury is a painter in oils of the figure, portrait, landscape and still life. His paintings, known for their rich tonalities and vibrant color, have been exhibited at the Philadelphia Museum of Art, the National Academy of Design and the National Capitol in Washington. Represented by F.A.N. Gallery in Philadelphia, his work has been shown in New York, New England, Chicago, and other American galleries and museum spaces.

Gury has written for American Artist magazine. Alla Prima: A Contemporary Guide to Traditional Direct Painting is published by Watson-Guptill (January 2009). His latest curatorial project, “Teaching in the Academy”, featured a survey of influential artist/educators of the last two hundred years at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts Museum.  





Rachel Hadas is Board of Governors Professor of English at the Newark campus of Rutgers University. The most recent of her numerous books are a collection of poems, River of Forgetfulness (David Robert Books 2006), and a collection of essays, Classics (WordTech Communications, 2007). - Work in Issues 6, 8, 14


Reesom Haile is Eritrea’s best known poet, especially internationally. A poet and scholar with a Ph.D. in Media & Communications from NYU, Haile returned to Eritrea in 1994 after exile that included teaching and lecturing in western universities and working for international NGOs. His first collection of Tigrinya poetry, Waza ms Qum Neger nTensae Hager (Asmara: Francescana Printing, 1997), won the 1998 Raimok prize, Eritrea’s highest prize for literature. His other books of poetry include We Have Our Voice (Trenton and Asmara: Red Sea Press, 2000; translations by Charles Cantalupo) and We Invented the Wheel (Trenton and Asmara: Red Sea Press; translations by Charles Cantalupo). He died in 2003. - Work in Issue 13

Dieter Haller (PhD 1991 Heidelberg, Habil 1999 Frankfurt/Oder), cultural and social anthropologist, is Prof. of Social Anthropology at Ruhr-Universität-Bochum, Germany. He has taught as Professor in Frankfurt/Main (2000), Hamburg (2001), Granada (2002), at the University of Texas/Austin (2003-2005) and as Theodor-Heuss Lecturer at New School University/New York (2003). His main fields of interest are port cities, borderlands, diaspora, ethnicity, Gibraltar, Spain, and the Mediterranean. His latest publications are a monography on Gibraltar (Gelebte Grenze Gibraltar, Wiesbaden: Deutscher Universitätsverlag 2000), on Corruption (coedited with Cris Shore, 2005), an Introduction into Cultural Anthropology (DTV-Atlas zur Ethnologie, München, 2005) - Work in Issue 2

Nettie Hartsock is an essayist, fiction writer and veteran e-business journalist. She is also a proud graduate of Goddard College. She is a contributing editor to and is currently working on her one woman show titled, "I'll Take the Husband and Two Kids with A Vagina on the Side to Go." Nettie's favorite comedic writer is Rob Nash. Nettie's Website can be checked out for more in-depth bio content and one can find a pretty good picture of Nettie and Willie Nelson who once profoundly said, "Most of the stuff I've read about me is true." Nettie hails from near Austin, Texas in the Hill Country where folks still wear larger than life hats, and some are still hunting for the elusive jackalope. - Work in Issue 3

William (Kit) Hathaway lives in Surry, Maine. His last book of printed poems was a fancy, handset and hand-bound collection called Promeneur Solitaire from Chester Creek Press. - Work in Issue 16

Edward Hirsch Edward Hirsch’s most recent books are Lay Back the Darkness (poems) and Poet's Choice (prose).  He is president of the Guggenheim Foundation. - Work in Issue 6

+ Daniel Hoffman has published eleven books of poetry, including his recent volume, Makes You Stop and Think: Sonnets (George Braziller, 2005). He is also the author of Zone of the Interior: A Memoir, 1942-1947 (Louisiana State University Press, 2000) and seven volumes of criticism, including Poe Poe Poe Poe Poe Poe Poe (1971, Reprint Edition Louisiana State University Press, 1985), which was nominated for a National Book Award.

Among his other awards, Hoffman received the Arthur Rense Poetry Prize "for an exceptional poet" from the American Academy of Arts and Letters, the Aiken Taylor Award for Modern American Poetry, and the Memorial Medal of the Maygar P.E.N. for his translations of contemporary Hungarian poetry.

He served as Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress from 1973 to 1974 (now called the Poet Laureate) and is a Chancellor Emeritus of The Academy of American Poets. From 1988 to 1999 Hoffman was Poet in Residence at St. John the Divine, where he administered the American Poets' Corner. Until 1996, Hoffman was Felix E. Schelling Professor of English at the University of Pennsylvania.

Gail Holst-Warhaft was born in Australia, but moved to Greece in the 1970’s and played in the orchestras of Mikis Theodorakis and Dionysios Savvopoulos. She is a poet, translator, academic and musician who directs Mediterranean Studies at Cornell University. She has published her poems, translations of Greek poetry and prose, and essays on Greece in the U.K., the U.S., Greece, and Australia. Among her books are Road to Rembetika (4th edition, 2006), Theodorakis (1980), The Collected Poems of Nikos Kavadias (1987), Dangerous Voices (1992), and The Cue for Passion (2000). Her first collection of poetry, Penelope’s Confession, was published in 2007. - Work in Issue 14

Ann Hood is the author of seven novels: Somewhere Off the Coast of Maine, Waiting to Vanish, Three-Legged Horse, Something Blue, Places to Stay the Night, The Properties of Water, and Ruby. Her nonfiction book entitled Do Not Go Gentle: My Search For Miracles in a Cynical Time has been widely anthologized in The Best American Spiritual Writing, The Pushcart Prize and many other collections. Her short story collection, An Ornithologist's Guide to Life was published recently by Norton. Ann is currently working on another novel, The Knitting Circle, also to be published by Norton.

She has published short stories, essays, and book reviews in The Missouri Review, Parenting, Mademoiselle, Redbook, Seventeen, Story, Self, Cosmopolitan, McCalls, Glamour, Ladies Home Journal, MORE, The New York Times, The Washington Post, The Chicago Tribune, The Los Angeles Times, and many other notable publications. - Work in Issue 2


Ioana Ieronim, noted Romanian writer, is the author of eleven collections of poetry, among them five books in English translation by Adam J. Sorkin with the author. These include The Triumph of the Water Witch (Bloodaxe Books, UK, 2000), a volume of prose poems that was shortlisted for Oxford’s Weidenfeld Prize; 41, a bilingual volume of poetry (Cartea Românească Publisher, Bucharest, 2003); and two 2005 books, Dragon Kites over the Pyrenees (a trilingual volume in Catalan, Romanian, English) and Escalator. Ieronim is former Cultural Counselor of the Romanian Embassy, Washington, DC (1992-1996) and Romanian PEN Club president. Life Line as a Skyscraper appeared in fall 2006 from Vinea Press, Bucharest and New York. - Work in Issue 9

Colettte Inez has authored nine poetry collections, the most recent of which is Spinoza Doesn’t Come Here Any More from Melville House Books. She is widely anthologized and has received fellowships from the Guggenheim and Rockefeller Foundations, twice from the NEA, and has won two Pushcart Prizes.  Her memoir, The Secret of M. Dulong was published in 2005 by The University of Wisconsin Press. - Work in Issue 12

Henry Israeli’s books include New Messiahs (Four Way Books: 2002) and Fresco: the Selected Poetry of Luljeta Lleshanaku (New Directions: 2002), which he edited and co-translated. He has been awarded fellowship grants from the National Endowment for the Arts, and the Canada Council on the Arts, as well as a residency at the MacDowell Colony. His poetry and translations have appeared in numerous journals, including Grand Street, The Iowa Review, Quarterly West, Tin House, Fence, Verse and elsewhere. Henry Israeli is also the founder of Saturnalia Books. - Work in Issue 9


Fernando Iturburo is a poet, fiction writer, and critic from Guayaquil. He teaches Spanish at Plattsburgh State College in New York. His collections of poetry include Maitines y laúdes, Vastagos, El camino tomado and Contra sí mesmo. Other work includes a collection of stories about a detective, El cholo cepeda, investigador privado, a book of personal essays or cronicas, and a collection of cultural criticism. He is currently working on an anthology of contemporary Ecuadorian poetry, The Ocean and the Forest, with his colleague and co-translator Alexis Levitin. - Work in Issues 9, 10





Barbara Jacksha is an editor and co-founder of the literary journal Cezanne's Carrot (  Her work has appeared in the W. W. Norton anthology Flash Fiction Forward, as well as in such publications as Beloit Fiction Journal, The Summerset Review, Vox, Carve Magazine, Mad Hatter’s Review, Margin, Peregrine, Mindprints, Poetry Midwest, Tattoo Highway, SmokeLong Quarterly, Dark Moon Lilith, Talking Stick, and Quercus Review.  Barbara’s work has received many honors and been nominated for the Pushcart Prize.  For more information, visit Barbara’s website: - Work in Issue 5


Beverly A. Jackson writes short stories and poetry that have appeared in over 60 venues since 1999, including Eclectica, SmokeLong Quarterly, Zoetrope All-Story Extra, Night Train, Absinthe Literary Review, Tattoo Highway, and In Posse Review. She was nominated by Vestal Review for a BASS (Best American Short Stories) award for "The Dead," which has since been anthologized in You Have Time for This, and a flash fiction textbook for China.

Beverly was the Founder, Publisher and Editor in Chief of the print literary journal, Ink Pot, (and its ezine) and the small independent press, LIT POT PRESS, INC., which published poetry and short story collections, literary novels out of the mainstream. (1999 - 2006)

In addition to writing, Beverly does mixed media abstract paintings and collages in her home studio. You can find her blog Here and her artwork Here. - Work in Issue 11


Carlos Eduardo Jaramillo, born in Loja in 1932, is one of the strongest poetic voices in Ecuador, belongs to the same generation as David Ledesma and Fernando Cazón Vera. His work reflects an international perspective, that is, his lyric voice places itself simultaneously abroad and at home, in the present and in the past. Frustration with the political realities of his country and his own life as poet turned lawyer are counter-balanced by deep ties of personal friendship and love. His poetry is characterized by a strong religious dimension, along with an openness to modern pop culture, including the blues, jazz and international cinema.

His books of poetry are: Poetry: Escrito sobre la arena (Quito, 1959), 150 poemas (1961), La trampa (1964), Maneras de vivir y de morir (1965), La noche y los vencidos (1967), El hombre que quemó sus brújulas (Guayaquil, 1970), Las desvelaciones de Jacob (Quito, 1970), Una vez la felicidad (1972), Crónica de la casa, los árboles y el río. Viaje al planeta Eurídice (1973), Perseo ante el espejo (Guayaquil, 1974), La edad del fuego (Guayaquil, 1977), Trafalmadore (Guayaquil, 1977), Veinte años de poesía -1953-1972- (Quito, 1979), Veinte años de poesía (Cuenca, 1985), Blues de la calle Loja (Loja, 1990), Leves canciones sadomasoquistas (Quito, 2000).  - Work in Issue 10


Sandra Jensen was born in South Africa, lived in the UK, Greece and Canada and is presently based in Ireland with her partner and her cat. Her work has been published in Word Riot, Sou'Wester, Chautauqua, AGNI and others. Her short story manuscript, A Sort of Walking Miracle, was short-listed for The Scott Prize (Salt Publishing). She was recently awarded a professional writer's grant from the Canada Council for the Arts to develop her novella, Serendip, into a novel. - Work in Issue 19


Liesl Jobson is a Johannesburg writer, musician and photographer. Her writing is forthcoming in Chimurenga, New Contrast, The Rambler Magazine, Letters to the World, a poetry anthology from Red Hen Press, White Ink, a poetry anthology from Demeter Press, and CRUX: A Conversation in Words and Images - South Africa to South USA, from the US Social Forum. Her first collection of poems, View from an Escalator received a Community Publishing Project grant from the National Library of South Africa’s Centre for the Book and will be published in 2008. Her collection of prose poems and flash fiction, 100 Papers, which received the Ernst van Heerden Creative Writing Award from the University of the Witwatersrand, will be published by Botsotso Press in 2008. - Work in Issues 4, 7, 9


Inger Johansson is a literary translator from English, Romanian and French into Swedish who live in Lund, Sweden. She has been a full-time literary translator since 1983 and has translated about sixty works of literary and non-literary prose, poetry and drama, including the writers Karen Armstrong, André Brink, Mircea Cărtărescu, Doris Lessing, Olivia Manning, Gabriela Melinescu, Rohinton Mistry and Tim Winton. Johansson was awarded the translation prize of the Samfundet de nios (the Academy of the Nine) in 1999 and the Gerard Bonniers stipend in 2003. - Work in Issue 11


Gwenna Johnson is from Eastern Pennsylvania. She graduated from Drexel University and is a member of Sigma Tau Delta. She worked for Drexel's Publishing Group and also collaborated with the Painted Bride Quarterly. While continuing to write, her plans are to pursue a degree in Veterinary Medicine. - Work in Issues 11, 17




Daniel Karaskik, 19, is a writer and actor based out of Toronto.  His prose and poetry have appeared in literary journals:  The New Quarterly, lichen, The Claremont Review, Pindeldyboz, Whitling Shade, The Dream People, and daily newspaper The Toronto Star (with a contest-winning poem, adjudicated by poet laureate Dennis Lee).  As a playright he has been produced at most of Toronto’s major theatre festivals, and was last year playwright-in-residence at the Paprika Festival, Canada’s foremost venue for new  theatre work by artists under 21.  As an actor he has performed with leading artists at the Tarragon Theatre, Modern Times Stage Company, companytheatercrisis, and elsewhere; he has also acted in projects for NBC, Walt Disney Films, Alliance Atlantis, Lifetime Network, and (within Canada) CTV and Global.  He has spent the majority of the past year living, volunteering, studying and writing abroad, in West Africa, the Middle East, and Paris.  He is currently studying literature and anthropology at the University of Toronto. - Work in Issue 5

Vincent Katz is a poet, translator, art critic, editor, and curator.  He is the author of nine books of poetry, including Cabal of Zealots (Hanuman Books), Understanding Objects (Hard Press), and Rapid Departures (Ateliê Editorial).  He won the 2005 National Translation Award, given by the American Literary Translators Association, for his book of translations from Latin, The Complete Elegies of Sextus Propertius (Princeton University Press).  

In December of 2005, Rapid Departures, a selection of poems Katz wrote in Brazil over the past 17 years, was published by Ateliê Editorial, an imprint of the University of São Paulo Press.  Katz is currently working in collaboration with the painter Francesco Clemente on a book, to be published by Granary Books, that will pair poems written in Italy with watercolors responding to those poems.  

He was awarded a Rome Prize Fellowship in Literature at the American Academy in Rome for 2001-2002.  He was chosen to be a Guest of the Director for a one-month residency at the American Academy in Berlin in Spring, 2006.  Katz curated a museum exhibition on Black Mountain College, whose catalogue, Black Mountain College: Experiment In Art, edited by Katz, was published by MIT Press in 2002.

Katz is the editor of the poetry and arts journal Vanitas and of Libellum books. - Work in Issue 5

Robert Kaye has short fiction published or forthcoming in various print and online venues including Green Mountains Review, Slow Trains, Cicada, Pindeldyboz, Snake Nation Review, Carve, Bryant Literary Review, The Rose and Thorn, decomP, Writers Bloc, descant and elsewhere. He is completing his first novel about Sasquatch fakery, software fiascos and the quest for a good cup of coffee. - Work in Issue 18

Sarah Kennedy is the author of six books of poems, most recently Home Remedies (LSU Press 2009).  She has received fellowships from the National Endowment for the Arts, the National Endowment for the Humanities, and the Virginia Commission for the Arts.  Her work is recent or forthcoming in Southern Review, Prairie Schooner, and Antioch Review.  Sarah Kennedy is a contributing editor at West Branch and Shenandoah and teaches at Mary Baldwin College in Staunton, Virginia. - Work in Issue 18

X. J. Kennedy, of Lexington, Mass., writes textbooks and children's books for a living. His latest collection of verse, In a Prominent Bar in Secaucus: new & selected poems (Johns Hopkins U. Press), was a 2008 Notable Book of the American Library Association. In April 2009 he was given the Robert Frost medal of the Poetry Society of America for his life's work in poetry. - Work in Issue 17

Nance Knauer clings to the belief that she will complete her MFA in Creative Writing at Queens University soon.  A finalist for the Minneapolis Loft Mentor Series in 2004, she has been published both online and in print, including FRiGG Magazine, SmokeLong Quarterly and Ink Pot. - Work in Issue 11

* Miriam N. Kotzin writes both poetry and fiction that has appeared in more than 100 print and online publications; her poetry received five nominations for a Pushcart Prize. She writes both formal poetry and free verse; her fiction ranges from flash fiction to a blognovel. She has been a contributing editor of Boulevard since its inception. A teacher of creative writing and literature, she directs Drexel University’s Certificate Program in Writing and Publishing and is a former director of the Literature Program. She is the author of A History of Drexel University, two collections of poetry Reclaiming the Dead (New American Press 2008) and Weights & Measures (Star Cloud Press 2009), and a collection of flash fiction, Just Desserts (Star Cloud Press 2010). She writes a bi-weekly column "Second Acts" in The Smart Set. Don Gastwirth represents her literary novel, Cutter's Vision.

Her book reviews appeared in numerous publications ranging from College Literature to The Daily Planet. From 1973-1982 she was a juror for the American Film Festival and has also judged competitions in poetry, the literary short story and the popular short story for the Mad Poets Review and the Philadelphia Writers’ Conference. She received her BA in English, summa cum laude, Phi Beta Kappa from the University of Pennsylvania, and her Ph.D. in English with distinction from New York University.


Leonard Kress spent 40 years in and around Philadelphia before moving to the Great Black Swamp in Ohio, where he teaches religion, philosophy, art history, and creative writing at Owens College.  He has published 4 collections of poetry, most recently, Orphics, Kent State University Press and a translation of the 19th century Polish Romantic epic, Pan Tadeusz by Adam Mickiewicz.  Recent poetry, fiction, and translations have appeared in Iowa Review, Massachusetts Review, Missouri Review, Electronic Poetry Journal.  - Work in Issue 7


Maxine Kumin. Her 16th book, Still to Mow, was published in September 2007. She is the author of Jack and Other New Poems and a memoir, Inside the Halo and Beyond: Anatomy of a Recovery. Kumin's awards include the Pulitzer and Ruth Lilly Poetry Prizes and the Harvard Arts and Robert Frost Medals. She served as Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress (a position now called the Poet Laureate) She and her husband live on a farm in New Hampshire. - Work in Issue 10

+ Donald Kuspit is one of America's most distinguished art critics.  Winner of the prestigeous Frank Jewett Mather Award for Distinction in Art Criticism (1983), given by the College Art Association, Professor Kuspit is Contributing Editor at Artforum, Sculpture, and Tema Celeste magazines, and the Editor of Art Criticism.  He has doctorates in philosophy (University of Frankfurt) and art history (University of Michigan), as well as degrees from Columbia University, Yale University, and Pennsylvania State University.  He has also completed the course of study at the Psychoanalytic Institute of the New York University Medical Center.  He received honorary doctorates in fine arts from Davidson College (1993) and the San Francisco Institute of Art (1996).  In 1997 the National Association of the Schools of Art and Design gave him a Citation for Distinguished Service to the Visual Arts.  In 1998 he received an honorary doctorate of humane letters from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.  In 2000 he delivered the Getty Lectures at the University of Southern California.  In 2005 he was the Robertson Fellow at the University of Glasgow.  He is Professor of Art History and Philosophy at the State University of New York at Stony Brook, and has been the A. D. White Professor-at-Large at Cornell University (1991-97).  He has received fellowships from the Ford Foundation, Fulbright Commission, National Endowment for the Humanities, National Endowment for the Arts, Guggenheim Foundation, and Asian Cultural Council, among other organizations. 

He has written numerous articles, exhibition reviews, and catalogue essays, and lectured at many universities and art schools.  He is the editorial advisor for European art 1900-50 and art criticism for the new Encyclopedia Britannica (16th edition), and wrote the entry on Art Criticism for it.  He is on the advisory board of the Lucy Daniels Foundation for the psychoanalytic study of creativity.  His most recent books are The Cult of the Avant-Garde Artist (New York:  Cambridge University Press, 1993; also in German, Klagenfurt:  Ritter Verlag, 1995), The Dialectic of Decadence (New York:  Stux Press, 1993; reissued New York:  Allworth Press, 2000), The New Subjectivism:  Art in the 1980s (Ann Arbor:  UMI Research Press, 1988; reissued New York:  Da Capo Press, 1993), The Photography of Albert Renger-Patzsch (New York:  Aperture, 1993), Signs of Psyche in Modern and Postmodern Art (New York:  Cambridge University Press, 1994; also in Spanish, Madrid:  Akal, 2002), Primordial Presences:  The Sculpture of Karel Appel (New York: Abrams, 1994), Health and Happiness in Twentieth Century Avant-Garde Art (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1996), Idiosyncratic Identities:  Artists at the End of the Avant-Garde (New York:  Camridge University Press, 1996), Chihuly (New York:  Abrams, 1997), Jamali (New York:  Rizzoli, 1997; reissue with expanded text, 2004), Joseph Raffael (New York:  Abbeville, 1998), Daniel Brush (New York:  Abrams, 1998), Hans Hartung (Antibes/Nagoya:  Aichi Museum of Art, 1998), The Rebirth of Painting in the Late 20th Century (New York:  Cambridge University Press, 2000), Psychostrategies of Avant Garde Art (New York:  Cambridge University Press, 2000), Redeeming Art:  Critical Reveries (New York:  Allworth Press, 2000), Don Eddy (New York:  Hudson Hills, 2002), Hunt Slonem (New York: Abrams, 2002), Hans  Breder (Münster:  Hackmeister, 2002),  Steven Tobin (New York:  Hudson Hills, 2003), Mel Ramos (New York:  Watson Guptill, 2004), and The End of Art (New  York:  Cambridge University Press, 2004; also in Chinese (University of Bejing Press), Polish (Gdansk:  National Museum), Spanish (Madrid:  Akal), and Turkish (Istanbul:  Metis), April Gornik (New York:  Hudson Hills, 2005), Cristobal Gabarron (New York and Valencia:  Chelsea Art Museum and Valencia Museum of Art,  2005), Marlene Yu (New  York:  Queensboro College Art Museum, 2005), Horst Antes (Mainz: Wolf Huber, 2005), Albert Paley (Geneva:  Skira, 2006).  He has also written Clement Greenberg, Art Critic; Leon Golub:  Existentialist/Activist Painter; Eric Fischl; Louise Bourgeois; Alex Katz:  Night Paintings; and The Critic Is Artist:  The Intentionality of Art.  He is also the author of three Books of poetry, Self-Refraction (1983; visual accompaniment by Rudolf Baranik), Apocalypse with Jewels in the Distance; (visual accompaniment by Rosalind Schwartz), and On the Gathering Emptiness (2004; visual accompaniment by Walter Feldman and Hans Breder).




Susan Lago is an adjunct professor of English at Montclair State University.  Her fiction, essays, and book reviews have appeared in such publications as Fiction Weekly, MonkeybicylceVerbsap,  Five Star Literary Stories, The Linnet's Wing, and Word Riot.  She also has a Master of Arts degree in English from William Paterson University. - Work in Issue 19


Simon Larter graduated from Drexel University with a degree in Civil Engineering. "Twister" is his first published story. He lives with his wife and three children in New Jersey. - Work in Issue 16


George Winston Lee is a professional writer and editor living in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, a self-syndicated humour columnist (10 newspapers) and opinion writer. Recent credits include an essay in the Toronto Globe and Mail, and has a photo forthcoming in Stock Car Racing Magazine to run in the May edition.  His awards include Alberta Weekly Newspaper Association Blue Flame photographic awards, 1997 human interest and 1980 spot news. - Work in Issue 2


Robert Leone is the communications manager for an international health fellowship program of the Public Health Institute in Oakland, CA. His short stories and interviews have appeared in the Evergreen Chronicles, Rosebud Magazine, The Bay Area Reporter and online at the Grace Cathedral website. Currently he is working on a play, Rights of Passage, with his husband, Edward Decker. [They were married July 1, 2008.] The play deals with the stories of LGBT human rights violations around the world. - Work in Issue 12

Nathan Leslie’s six books of fiction include Madre, Believers, and Drivers. His first book of poems, Night Sweat, will be published in November. His short stories, essays, and poems have appeared in many literary magazines including Boulevard, Shenandoah, North American Review, and Cimarron Review. He is fiction editor for The Pedestal Magazine and was series editor for The Best of the Web anthology 2008 and 2009 (Dzanc Books). - Work in Issues 5, 16

Alison Lewis is the Social Sciences and Humanities Librarian at Drexel University's Hagerty Library. She holds a Master's degree in Library Science from Florida State University and a Ph.D. in English Literature from Temple University. She lives in West Philadelphia with her husband and an undisclosed number of cats. - Work in Issue 5

Harriet Levin Harriet Levin's first book of poems, The Christmas Show, (Beacon Press) was chosen by Eavan Boland for a Barnard New Women Poet's Prize.  The manuscript-in-progress received the Poetry Society of America Alice Fay diCastagnola Award. Recent work appears or is forthcoming in Iowa Review, Kenyon Review, Ploughshares, Gulf Coast, Denver Quarterly Review, Kestral, Confrontation, and Dragonfire. She is Director of the University Writing Program at Drexel University. - Work in Issue 6 

Lynn Levin is a writer, poet, and translator. Her translations of Peruvian poets and writers have appeared in Gowanus, Painted Bride Quarterly, and other places.  Her essay, “How to Eat a Pet: A Gastronomic Adventure in the Andes,” was named a Notable Essay of 2006 by the series Best American Essays. Lynn Levin is the author of two collections of poems, Imaginarium (2005) and A Few Questions about Paradise (2000), both published by Loonfeather Press. Imaginarium was a finalist for ForeWord Magazine’s 2005 Book of the Year Award.


Lynn Levin’s poems have appeared in Per Contra, Boulevard, Hunger Mountain, 5 AM, Cimarron Review, Margie, Nerve Cowboy, Word Riot, Mannequin Envy, The Poetry Miscellany, Nebraska Review, The North American Review, The Comstock Review, Mad Poets Review, Paterson Literary Review, One Trick Pony, on Garrison Keillor’s radio show, The Writer’s Almanac, and other places. She has received seven Pushcart Prize nominations for poetry. Lynn Levin teaches at the University of Pennsylvania and at Drexel University, where she is also executive producer of the TV show, The Drexel InterView. - Work in Issues 4, 9


+ Alexis Levitin's twenty-six books in translation include Clarice Lispector's Soulstorm and Eugenio de Andrade's Forbidden Words, both from New Directions. Recent books include Astrid Cabral's Amazonian poems, Cage (Host Publications), a co-translation from the Bulgarian of And Other Stories by Georgi Gospodinov (Northwestern University Press), and a co-translation of Wallace Stevens' Notes Toward a Supreme Fiction into Portuguese (Relogio d'Agua, Lisbon). This summer his co-translation of Tapestry of the Sun: An Anthology of Ecuadorian Poetry came out from Coimbra Editions as the first Ecuadorian anthology ever published in English. This fall his newest book, A Traveler's Literary Companion to Brazil will be published by Whereabouts Press. Meanwhile, he continues to place numerous poems from Portugal, Brazil, and Ecuador in a variety of magazines such as Confrontation, The Connecticut Review, Dirty Goat, The Literary Review, Per Contra, Pleiades, Rhino, Rosebud, and Words Without Borders.


Wayne Lewis is the editor of several small publications in Memphis, Tennessee, including Key Magazine of Memphis.  Besides short fiction he also writes poetry, plays the harmonica and runs – once upon a time competitively.  He has a B.A. in Journalism and an M.A. in Creative Writing, both from the University of Memphis.  He also has a daughter at Boston University, a son at Rhode Island School of Design and two collies shedding hair all over the house. - Work in Issue 9


Zhi Lin is a graduate of the China National Academy of Fine Arts, the Slade School of Fine Art at the University of London (MFA 1989), and the University of Delaware (MFA 1992).


Lin has shown his work in a number of important institutions in U.S., U.K., and China, including the Princeton University Art Museum, the Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art, the Kemper Museum of Art, Missouri Museum of Art and Archaeology, the Frye Art Museum, the Cambridge University, the Contemporary Arts Institute In London, and the China National Fine Art Museum.


Lin's work is included in the collections of the Princeton University Art Museum, the Frye Art Museum, the Slade School of Fine Art, the Rothermere Foundation, the Michael Marks Foundation in London, and the China National Fine Art Museum in Beijing. His work is represented by the Koplin Del Rio Gallery in Los Angeles, and the Howard House Gallery in Seattle.


Lin has been the recipient of the following: Fellow in the Humanities Council and the Tang Center for East Asian Art at the Princeton University, the University of Washington Royalty Research Scholar and Research Fund, Creative Capital Foundation Grant in Painting, Lila Wallace-Reader's Digest Artists at Giverny France Grant, Art Matters Foundation Fellowship, National Endowment for the Arts Visual Artist Fellowship in Painting, NEA/Regional Artist's Project Grant, Washington State Arts Commission/Artist Trust Fellowship, Missouri Arts Council Visual Artists' Biennial Grant, and Delaware State Arts Council Individual Artist Fellowship, among many others.


His works were reviewed and published by many national and international print media, including the New York Times, the Chicago Tribune, the Los Angeles Times, the Seattle Times, the Seattle Post-Intelligencer, the Kansas City Star, the St. Louis Post-Dispatch, Artnews, Art in America, American Arts Quarterly, Artweek, and Art Review in London, as well as many others in Chinese language media. His work also was the subject for two monographs, and three special TV programs.


Currently, Zhi Lin holds an appointment as Associate Professor of Painting & Drawing at the School of Art, and as an Affiliated Associate Professor at the China Studies Program, Jackson School of International Studies, at University of Washington, Seattle, where he has lived and worked since 2001. Previously, he taught at the Missouri State University, the China National Academy of Fine Arts, and the Huazhong Normal University in China. - Work in Issue 3


Luljeta Lleshanaku , born in Elbasan, Albania, began publishing her work in 1991 after the overthrow of the Stalinist regime.  Her critically acclaimed books of poetry are The Sleepwalker's Eyes (1993), Sunday Bells (1994), Half-Cubism (1996) and Yellow Marrow: New and Selected Poems (2001) for which she won the Albanian National Book Award.  In 2002, New Directions published her first collection of translations in English, titled Fresco: Selected Poetry of Luljeta Lleshanaku. English translations of her work have appeared in Grand Street, Seneca Review, Fence, Tin House, Pool, Modern Poetry in Translation, Anthology of American Verse & Yearbook of American Poetry 1997, and Visions-International, for which they won the 1996 Translation Award. - Work in Issue 9





Edwin Madrid, born in Quito in 1961, is a cultural activist and prolific writer. Madrid has become one of the internationally recognized offspring of the famous Donoso Pareja literary workshop. He has served as literary editor at the Casa de la Cultura de Quito and is a long-time cultural journalist. His awards include the National Award for Young Poets "Djenana" (1989), the National Award of Ecuadorian Writers of the 90s, and the Poetry Award from the Casa de América in Spain (2004). He is currently Director of Literary Workshops at the Casa de la Cultura, editor of the Revista de Literatura Hispanoamérica, and editor of the Collection of Poetry published by Ediciones de Línea. 

His books of poetry are: !Oh! muerte de pequeños senos de oro (Quito, 1987), Enamorado de un fantasma (Quito, 1991), Celebriedad (Quito, 1992), Caballos e iguanas (Quito, 1993), Tambor sagrado y otros poemas (Quito, 1995), La tentación del otro (Quito, 1995), Puertas abiertas (Quito, 2000). Anthologies: Poesía viva (Bogotá, 1993), La joven poesía hispanoamericana (Buenos Aires, 1995), Antología de la poesía latinoamericana: el turno a la transición (México, 1997); Memorias II Festival de Poesía Eskeletra'98 (Quito, 1998). - Work in Issue 10


Antonios Maltezos has had numerous stories published both online and in print at such places as Night Train, Ink Pot, Thieves Jargon, elimae,and Mindprints. When he isn't reading for The Vestal Review, he working on his novel, A Train Runs Through Here. He's also one of the regulars on The Canadian Writers Collective blog. - Work in Issues 3, 10, 12


Nick Mamatas is the author of two novels, Move Under Ground and Under My Roof, and over fifty short stories. His fiction has appeared in subTERRAIN, Mississippi Review's online edition, and a large number of science fiction/fantasy publications. Much of his recent short work was collected in You Might Sleep... in Feburary 2009. With Jay Lake he is the co-editor of the anthology Spicy Slipstream Stories and with Ellen Datlow the co-editor of the forthcoming Haunted Legends. A native New Yorker, Nick now lives in the California Bay Area. - Work in Issue 14


Kuzhali Manickavel's debut collection 'Insects Are Just Like You And Me Except Some Of Them Have Wings' is available from Blaft Publications Pvt. Ltd. and can be found at Her work can also be found at Subtropics, Quick Fiction, Caketrain, The Café Irreal, FRiGG and SmokeLong Quarterly. She lives in a small temple town on the coast of South India. - Work in Issues 9, 14


Sonia Manzano, born in Guayaquil in 1947, is one of the strongest female voices in Ecuadorian literature, Sonia Manzano, in both her fiction and poetry, examines with an aggressive irony the limits of machismo, and elaborates on the condition of women, with a combination of forceful self-affirmation and feminist solidarity. Her poetry draws on tradition and the past in its imaginative deconstruction of fundamental Western myths, including the biblical foundational stories behind our modern culture. Her books of poetry are: El nudo y el trino (Guayaquil,1972), Casi siempre las tardes (Guayaquil, 1974), La gota en el cráneo (Guayaquil, 1976), La semana que no tiene jueves (Guayaquil, 1978), El ave que todo lo atropella (Guayaquil, 1980), Caja musical con bailarina incluida (Guayaquil, 1984), Carcoma con forma de paloma (Quito, 1986), Full de reinas (Quito, 1991), Patente de corza (Quito, 1997), Ultimo regreso al Edén (Quito, 2006). Her books of fiction are: Y no abras la ventana todavía -zarzuela ligera sin divisiones aparentes (Quito, 1994), Que se quede el infinito sin estrellas (Quito, 2001), Eses fatales (Quito, 2005), El flujo escarlata (Quito, 1999). Her work has been accepted by World Literature Today, as well as Per Contra. She is Undersecretary of Culture for the Region of the Litorial and the Galapagos.  - Work in Issues 10, 13


Salgado Maranhão won Brazil’s prestigious Prêmio Jabuti in 1999 for his book Mural of the Winds. His most recent volume is The Tiger’s Fur. His collected poems will be appearing later this year. In addition to six books of poetry, he has written song lyrics and made recordings with some of Brazil’s leading jazz and pop musicians. My translations of poems drawn from his recent collection Bloody Sun, have appeared, so far, in Osiris, Subtropics, 4th River, Measure, Xavier Review, Dirty Goat and BOMB. - Work in Issue 16


Charles Martin is a poet and translator. His verse translation of the Metamorphoses of Ovid was published in November of 2003 by W.W. Norton and Co and was winner of the Harold Morton Landon Award from the Academy of American Poets for 2004. His most recent book of poems, Starting from Sleep: New and Selected Poems, published in July 2002 by the Sewanee Writers’ Series/ The Overlook Press, was a finalist for the Lenore Marshall Award of the Academy of American Poets. His other books of poems include Steal The Bacon and What The Darkness Proposes, both published by the Johns Hopkins University Press. Johns Hopkins also published his translation of the poems of Catullus, and his critical introduction to the Latin poet’s work appears as one of the volumes in the Yale University Press’ Hermes Series. His poems have appeared in Poetry, The New Yorker, The Hudson Review, Boulevard, The Threepenny Review, and in many other magazines and anthologies. He is the recipient of a Bess Hokin Award from Poetry, a 2001 Pushcart Prize, and fellowships from the Ingram Merrill Foundation and the National Endowment for the Arts. In 2005, he received an Award for Literature from the American Academy of Arts and Letters. He has taught at Syracuse University, the Sewanee Writers Conference, the West Chester Conference on Form and Narrative in Poetry, and the Unterberg Center of the 92nd Street YMHA. He is currently on the faculties of the Stonecoast MFA Program and the School of letters of The University of the South. In 2005, he was named Poet in Residence at The Cathedral of St. John the Divine in New York. - Work in Issues 16, 17


John Martin is a Denver, Colorado native who has been writing professionally for over twenty-five years.  His work has appeared in Bloomsbury Review and Bias Onus Quarterly, and is due to appear in a forthcoming issue of The Externalist.  He is currently in search of an agent or publisher for his first novel, The Innkeeper’s Wife.  You can reach him at - Work in Issue 9


Max Mason (III) grew up in Lincoln, Massachusetts. After graduating from Vassar College with a degree in Geology in 1975 he came to Philadelphia to study at the University of Pennsylvania with Neil Welliver in 1981. He is represented by the Gross McCleaf Gallery where he has shown his landscape, still life and baseball paintings since 1985. He has painted several murals for the Philadelphia Mural Arts Program, and recently completed a 10’x 160’ mural, “Pennsylvania Agriculture”, for the State Farm Show Complex in Harrisburg, A life long baseball fan, he began painting baseball subjects at Penn and had a one person show of baseball paintings at the Butler Institute of American Art in 1991. He was commissioned by the Phillies to paint three 10’x 30’ murals of Philadelphia baseball stadiums for Citizens Bank Park. Check them out at “Harry the K’s”, the restaurant under the large scoreboard in left field. - Work in Issue 3


T.C. McCarthy earned his PhD from the University of Georgia, before embarking on a career that brought him closer to war than he wanted.  He now lives in the deep south with his wife, three kids and two dogs, and refuses to own a gun.  T.C. is currently represented by the Alexander Field Literary Agency. - Work in Issue 18


Elizabeth McFarland was a poet, editor, wife and mother. The following biography is in the words of her husband of 57 years, Daniel Hoffman:

“Elizabeth McFarland was born in 1922 into a prominent family in Harrisburg, PA. Her great uncle J. Horace McFarland was instrumental in founding the National Park Service, protecting Niagara Falls from hydroelectric development, and making the American Rose Society a popular national organization. Her grandfather, George G., established the first auto agency (for the Reo "Flying Cloud") in the city and funded its airport. Her father Donald met her mother Pauline Long while summering in Castine, Maine. Liz was the first of their four children.

Her great aunts took the little girl to meetings of the Harrisburg Manuscript Club, a ladies’ writing circle, where she recited her rhymes. She was already reading and memorizing poems in anthologies. Ten years later, when she won Scholastic Magazine’s national contests for high school students in both poetry and fiction, she was asked, in a radio interview, how one so young could be so proficient in two genres. She replied she had joined a writing group when she was six and had been writing ever since.

Her parents had a stormy marriage. Three years after their divorce Donald married a Southern woman of strict decorum and the family moved to her home in South Jacksonville. Liz was graduated from the Bartram School there. Her stepmother made her decline a tuition scholarship from Vassar, since the family had three more children to educate, and the grant wouldn’t cover her travel, room and board, books, or the whole new wardrobe, including the fur coat Liz would need up north. At Florida State College for Women she won the poetry prize with poems later published in Poetry and in her book, and edited the literary magazine

On graduation in 1945 she headed for New York, hoping to join the literary world she had glimpsed on her contest winners’trip. Applying to Harper’s, she was told they’d surely want the former editor of her college magazine on their staff, so they hoped her family would provide a generous stipend. After a couple of months as copywriter in an ad agency Liz was hired as poetry editor of Scholastic Magazine. In 1948 she became poetry editor of The Ladies ’Home Journal, where, when she took a year off during my sabbatical abroad, and was temporarily replaced by first one, then another woman, she had proved indispensable in attracting good poetry.

While we were in London on a later sabbatical the LHJ suffered a change in top management, advertising executives, not editors, who diverted resources to start another picture magazine rivalling Life and Look, decisions which reduced circulation, lost advertising, and eliminated poems. Liz turned her creative energies to raising our children, furnishing our home, and emulating her great-uncle J. Horace McFarland by cultivating roses and magnolias in Swarthmore and landscaping our bayside meadow on Cape Rosier, Maine. She lived an active life until stricken, in 2005 by an aortic aneurism. Complications following surgery proved fatal, ending our marriage of 57 years.” - Work in Issue 10

Jane McGuffin's poetry has appeared in several print publications, including "A Trouble to the Gaolers" and "Workshop: New Poetry." - Work in Issue 2

Ed Meek has published fiction and poetry in The North American Review, The Paris Review, The Sun, North Dakota Quarterly, Cream City Review, etc. His latest book of poems, What We Love, is available at Amazon. - Work in Issues 15, 19

Gabriela Melinescu, born in Bucharest, published seven volumes of poetry between 1965-75, one of which was awarded the Writers’ Union Prize. In 1975 she emigrated to Sweden, where she has published five more volumes of poetry and nine books of prose, winning the prestigious Swedish Academy Prize “De Nio” twice and also the Albert Bonniers Prize for “opera omnia.” After 1989 she has again been able to publish in Romania, reprinting all her works and winning two prestigious awards: the Nichita Stănescu prize from the Romanian Academy in 2002 and the Romanian Cultural Institute prize for lifetime achievement in 2004. Melinescu is also a celebrated translator of Swedish writers into Romanian. Her poems have appeared in Born in Utopia: An Anthology of Modern and Contemporary Romanian Poetry, edited by Carmen Firan and Paul Doru Mugur with Edward Foster (Talisman House, 2006).

Dr. Maria de la luz Matus-Mendoza, a language educator and sociolinguist. Currently she is an Assistant Professor of Spanish at Drexel University. Her research explores language variation and geographical and social movement. She is also interested in language in the media, bilingualism and second language acquisition. She is currently working with attitudes towards language and ethnic groups among Mexicans residing in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. - Work in Issue 3

Becca Menon is the author of the forthcoming verse novel, A Girl and Her Gods. - Work in Issue 9

Robert Mezey was educated at Kenyon, Iowa, and Stanford;  he has taught at Western Reserve, Fresno State, Univ. of Utah, Franklin & Marshall and elsewhere; from 1976 to 2002 he was professor and poet-in-residence at Pomona College, teaching occasionally at the Claremont Graduate School.

His poems and translations have been appearing since 1953 in many journals, including New York Review of Books, Paris Review, Hudson Review, New Yorker, New Republic, Raritan, TLS, Partisan Review, Poetry, Kenyon Review, Yale Review, New Criterion, New Letters and so on. His poems can be found in nearly a hundred anthologies. Translations of many of them have appeared in Italy, Spain, Israel, and Greece.

His books of verse include The Lovemaker, A Book of Dying, White Blossoms The Door Standing Open, Small Song, Couplets, Selected Translations, Evening Wind  and Collected Poems 1952-1999. He has edited ten books, including Naked Poetry, Poems of the American [Everyman], Thomas Hardy:  Selected Poems [Penguin Classics], The Poetry of E.A. Robinson [Modern Library], and A Word Like Fire:  The Selected Poems of Dick Barnes. With the late Dick Barnes he has translated all of Borges’ poems, many of which have appeared in journals and magazines.

Awards:  Robert Frost Prize, the Lamont (for The Lovemaker); an award from the American Academy of Arts and Letters; a PEN prize and a Bassine Citation (for  Evening); the Poets Prize (for the Collected Poems); the Barnstone Translation Prize; the Trustees’ Medal of Merit from Pomona College; an honorary doctorate from Kenyon College; and fellowships from the Ingram Merrill and Guggenheim Foundations and from the National Endowment for the Arts.

He has given hundreds of readings and talks at such venues as Yale, UCLA, Duke, Kenyon, Brown, Dartmouth, Boston U, Vassar, Princeton, Virginia, Bryn Mawr, Penn, USC, Columbia, Tufts, Wellesley, Reed, Oberlin, Georgetown, MIT, Occidental, Bennington, Ohio State, North Carolina, Michigan, Amherst, Sarah Lawrence, Miami, Iowa, Syracuse, Stanford and many others; in Europe (Suffolk and Madrid); at poetry centers such as Beyond Baroque and the New York YMHA; at MLA, ALTA and ALSC conventions; at the Clark, Huntington and Donnell  Libraries; at the Guggenheim Museum; & at festivals celebrating the work of Robinson, Hardy, Kees, and James Wright.

His work has been praised by such fellow-poets as Mark Strand, Donald Justice, Rosanna Warren, Henri Coulette, Thom Gunn, John Hollander and W. S. Merwin. - Work in Issue 12

Wadzanai Mhute was born and raised in Zimbabwe. Though she now resides in the United States, her home will always be Zimbabwe. She has been writing for a number of years now but having graduated with a Computer Science degree she realized that writing would always be her number one passion. Her articles have been published in the Philadelphia Weekly, MethodX and Mimi Magazine. She is working on a collection of short stories. - Work in Issue 3

Jacqueline Michaud published her debut collection, The Waking Hours: Poems & Translations, in 2007.  Her second collection of poems, White Clouds, was published in 2009.  Her work has appeared widely in journals and anthologies, including New England Review, Breadloaf Quarterly, Florida Review, American Letters & Commentary, New Laurel Review, and The Breath of Lips Parted: Voices from the Robert Frost Place, among others. She also translates the work of Francophone writers, and recently completed a collection of poems by the 20th century French poet, Jacques Prévert.  A member of the American Literary Translators Association, Michaud received her BA in French Literature from Skidmore College. The poet divides her time between homes in Maryland and Maine. - Work in Issue 16, 18

Ana Minga was born in the far south of Ecuador, in the town of Loja, in 1983. She won a major poetry prize from the Fine Arts Museum of Quito before the age of twenty. Then, in 2003, she won first prize from the Central University of Ecuador for her first collection Pandemonium. She went on to win the University's Silver Medal for Poetry in 2006. Her recent book from which these poems are taken is called Behind God's Back.


Gwendolyn Joyce Mintz is a fiction writer and poet.  She raises turtles and children in the New Mexico desert.  Visit her blog at - Work in Issue 1


Julia Mishkin lives in NYC, where she writes poetry and screenplays. She is one of the editors of Love Poems by Women: An Anthology of Poetry from Around the World and Through the Ages, and has published widely in magazines, including Poetry, The Nation, and the Paris Review. She has new work in the Fall/Winter 2009 issue of The Manhattan Review. - Work in Issue 16


Eduardo Moran (Guayaquil, 1957) The poetry of Morán is irreverent, casual and ironic. His subject matter may be perceived as pedestrian, but his surrealistic approach forces the reader to see the ordinary in a new light. At times, an aggressive voice speaks of social injustice, at other times a detached, seemingly objective tone accompanies a fragmented vision of the quotidian.  His books are Muchacho majadero (Guayaquil, 1979), No pudimos mirarla de manera distinta (Zacatecas, 1985), Los lugares maliciosos (1998). - Work in Issue 9


Chris Myers is an artist and teacher in Philadelphia. He currently lives in Philadelphia. Like Frank Moore, he has lived in Cincinnati, Philadelphia, but also in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan, another end of the world. - Work in Issue 13


Kostas Myrsiades is a professor of comparative literature and editor of College Literature at West Chester University. His translations of Greek poetry have been published widely. is a professor of comparative literature and editor of College Literature at West Chester University. His translations of Greek poetry have been published widely. - Work in Issue 11






Darlin' Neal's story collection, Rattlesnakes and the Moon, was a 2007 finalist for the GS Sharat Chandra Prize. In the last two years, her work has been nominated six times for the Pushcart Prize, and appears in The Southern Review, Shenandoah, Puerto del Sol and numerous other magazines. Her nonfiction piece, "The House in Simi Valley," which first appeared in storySouth, has been selected for the forthcoming anthology, Online Writing: The Best of The First Ten Years and Wigleaf chose her short story, "Red Brick," which appeared first in SmokeLong Quarterly as one of the top fifty short shorts on the web in 2008. She is assistant professor of creative writing in the University of Central Florida's MFA program. - Work in Issue 11


Jo Nean is a writer and environmentalist living in Brighton on the south coast of England. She has completed an OCN (Open College Network accreditation) and an Undergraduate Certificate in Creative Writing from Brighton City College and University of Sussex, respectively. In 2006 she attended a writing group run by community publishers Queens Park Books, which led to the publication of an autobiographical story in an anthology entitled Roofless – Homeless in Brighton. Since then she has twice been published in The Big Issue 'Streetlights' pages. The Big Issue is a street newspaper published on behalf of and sold by homeless people. Jo now writes regularly for Rocks Magazine, an ecologically minded Brighton based magazine and is currently working on some new fiction and non-fiction for future publication. - Work in Issue 10


Alfred Nicol received the 2004 Richard Wilbur Award for his first book of poems, Winter Light. He edited The Powow River Anthology, published in 2006. His new book of poems, Elegy for Everyone, was chosen for the first Anita Dorn Memorial Prize and will be published in 2010. - Work in Issue 19


Captain K. Knox Nunnally is a Founding Board Member of “Veterans for Freedom,” this is an advocacy group for all Iraqi War veterans and families of Iraqi War veterans in which their voice and beliefs gained through firsthand experiences and actions in the war may be shared with the American public. DECORATIONS: Navy and Marine Corps Achievement Medal with Combat Distinguishing Device.  Award for heroic achievement in actions against hostiles in Ar Rutbah and Al Qaim, Iraq during third Iraq tour. Awarded by the Commanding General of the Second Marine Division. Bronze Star with Combat Distinguishing Device.    Feb 2004 – Sept 2004.  Award for heroic achievement in actions against hostiles in Al Fallujah and Al Karmah, Iraq during second Iraq tour. Awarded by the Commanding General of the First Marine Division.  Purple Heart Mar 2004.  Awarded for being wounded in action in downtown Al Fallujah, Iraq by shrapnel from a 60 mm mortar round on 18 March. Awarded by the Commanding Officer of Regimental Combat Team I. Navy and Marine Corps Achievement Medal with Combat Feb 2003 - May 2003. Distinguishing device. Award for heroic achievement in actions against hostiles in An Nasiriyah, Iraq during first Iraq tour. Awarded by the Commanding General of the First Marine Division. - Work in Issue 3





A Fellow in Writing of the University of Iowa, Tanure Ojaide was educated at the University of Ibadan, where he received a bachelor's degree in English, and at Syracuse University, where he received both M.A. in Creative Writing and Ph.D. in English. He has published fourteen collections of poetry, a book of short stories, a memoir, two novels, and scholarly work. His literary awards include the Commonwealth Poetry Prize for the Africa Region (1987), the All-Africa Okigbo Prize for Poetry (1988, 1997), the BBC Arts and Africa Poetry Award (1988), and the Association of Nigerian Authors Poetry Award (1988, 1994, and 2003). Ojaide taught for many years at The University of Maiduguri (Nigeria), and is currently Professor of Africana Studies at The University of North Carolina at Charlotte. He received a National Endowment for the Humanities fellowship in 1999, a Fulbright Senior Scholar Award in 2002/2003, and The University of North Carolina’s First Citizens Bank Scholar Medal Award for 2005. - Work in Issue 5




M.E. Parker's short fiction has recently appeared or is forthcoming in 42 Opus, Alimentum, The Briar Cliff Review, The MacGuffin, Night Train, SmokeLong Quarterly, Weber Studies and numerous other publications. - Work in Issue 18

Carolina Patiño (Guayaquil, 1987-2007) won "Buseta de papel"s first poetry competition in 2004. In 2006 she published her first book, Trapped in Adam's Ribs. Her posthumous volume, Kill Yourself, from which this poem is drawn, has just been published in Guayaquil. Carolina's poems have appeared in numerous anthologies in Ecuador, including The Voice of Eros: Two Centuries of Erotic Poetry by Ecuadorian Women (2006). Her work has also appeared in various other Spanish-speaking countries such as Venezuela, Mexico, Peru, Chile, and Spain. - Work in Issue 11


Sandra Peart, professor of economics at Baldwin-Wallace College, obtained her PhD in economics from the University of Toronto.  Specializing in the history of economic ideas, she has written extensively on the transition from classical to neoclassical economics.  She is President-Elect of the History of Economics Society, a fellow with the American Council on Education for 2005-6, and the Director of the Summer Institute for the History of Economic Thought at George Mason University.  Her most recent book, The Vanity of the Philosopher:  From Equality to Hierarchy in Post-Classical Economics, co-authored with David M. Levy, was published by the University of Michigan Press in 2005.  The authors argue that classical economics was characterized by a form of "analytical egalitarianism" that was overthrown with the coming of biological influences late in the century.  Peart's blog, AdamSmithLives! discusses these and many other ideas in the history of economics. - Work in Issue 3


M.G. Piety teaches philosophy at Drexel University. She has published numerous articles on the philosophy of Søren Kierkegaard, as well as on other philosophical subjects, in both scholarly and popular journals. Her work has appeared in The International Kierkegaard Commentary, Faith and Philosophy, Rockhurst Review, ASK (the journal of the College of Arts and Sciences of Drexel University) and the Times Literary Supplement. She is presently translating two books by Kierkegaard for Oxford University Press. - Work in Issue 9, 10


Anthony Pirnot has had stories and essays appear in The Virginia Quarterly Review, Fence and others. For several years, he lived in Poland, where he taught English as a Peace Corps Volunteer and then as a Fulbright Scholar, studied Polish literature and wrote a novel. He currently lives in Washington D.C. where he works for the U.S. Foreign Service. He is also a recent graduate of the Writing Seminars at Johns Hopkins University. - Work in Issue 3

Ion Pop is the award-winning author of eight books of poetry, the most recent a volume of selected poems in the respected Hyperion Series, The Discovery of the Eye (The Romanian Book, 2001), and Elegies on the Offensive (Vinea Publishers, 2003).  An important critic as well, Pop has written about poetry and edited scholarly and reference works since the time of his studies at the University of Cluj, where he later has served as Professor and Dean.  He also taught at the Sorbonne Nouvelle, and served as Director of the Romanian Cultural Center, Paris.  Pop has translated widely from twentieth-century French poets.  In the United States his poems have appeared in The MacGuffin and (forthcoming) Karamu and International Poetry Review. as well as in the anthologies, Transylvanian Voices: An Anthology of Contemporary Poets of Cluj-Napoca and Born in Utopia: An Anthology of Modern and Contemporary Romanian Poetry, ed. Carmen Firan and Paul Doru Mugur with Edward Foster. - Work in Issue 9

Abioseh Michael Porter was born in Sierra Leone. A Ph. D. in comparative literature, he is a professor of English and head of the Department of English and Philosophy at Drexel University, Philadelphia (  Editor of JALA--The Journal of the African Literature Association, he has traveled quite extensively in West Africa, North America, Britain, France, and Germany. - Work in Issue 4


Daniel Post was raised in Tampa, Florida. He received his BA from The University of Florida and his MFA from The University of Southern California.  His stories have been published or are forthcoming in Gentle Strength Quarterly, Seneca and Big Moon. He was recently the featured author in the New Short Fiction Series at the Beverly Hills Library.  He has received the Condon Smith Undergraduate Prize for Fiction and has been nominated for a Pushcart Prize.  He currently lives in Los Angeles. - Work in Issue 9


Glen Pourciau's short-story collection INVITE won the 2008 Iowa Short Fiction Award and was published by the University of Iowa Press. His stories have been published in the Paris Review, New England Review, Ontario Review, the Barcelona Review,, Mississippi Review, and other magazines as well as Best of the Web 2009. He has stories forthcoming in the Antioch Review, New Orleans Review, and TriQuarterly. - Work in Issue 16


Antonio Preciado, born in Esmeraldas in 1941, is the leading Ecuadorian black poet.  Bedoya, currently the Minister of Culture for his country, is a politically committed contributor to multiculturalism in Ecuador literature. His work reinvents the heritage of poor decimeros (popular oral black poets) and contributes a sympathetic view tofurther support the ideas of avant-garde, social thinkers and leaders such as Aimé Cesaire, Franz Fanon, Malcom X, and Martin Luther King.  His books are: Poetry: Jolgorio (Quito, 1961), Más acá de los muertos (Quito, 1966), Tal como somos (Quito, 1969), De sol a sol (Bogotá, 1979), Poema húmedo (La Habana,1981), Espantapájaros (La Habana, 1982), De ahora en adelante (Quito, 1993).Anthologies: Lírica ecuatoriana contemporánea (Bogotá, 1979), Poesía viva del Ecuador (Quito, 1990), La palabra perdurable (Quito, 1991). - Work in Issue 10





Shpresa Qatipi is a professor of English at Tirana University. In addition to the poems of Luljeta Lleshanaku, she has also translated and published short stories, essays, and articles for the Eurolindja Publishing House in Albania and the Soros Foundation. - Work in Issue 9





Jean-Joseph Rabearivelo was born in 1901 at Tananarive (Antananarivo), the capital of Madagascar.  Primarily self-taught, he was hired in 1924 as a proofreader for the publisher, Imprimerie de l'Imerina, where he worked until his death by suicide in 1937.  Rabearivelo edited anthologies of Malagasy poetry, and wrote plays, fiction, and literary criticism.  In addition, he wrote seven volumes of poetry in French.  Among his best known works are Presque-Songes (Almost Dreams), 1934, and Traduit de la Nuit (Translated from the Night), 1935.  The latter appeared recently in its first complete English translation by Robert Ziller (Lascaux Editions), who writes of Rabearivelo:  “With remarkable originality, he synthesized Europe's prevailing urban surrealism with his own comparatively bucolic surroundings ... Tragically, he died just prior to the flowering of the Négritude movement in Paris, having never met Césaire, Senghor, and other African luminaries.  Nevertheless, at the time of his death, Rabearivelo was recognized as Africa's first modern poet.” - Work in Issue 18


Carter Ratcliff is a poet and art critic. He is a contributing editor of Art in America and a member of the editorial board of Sculpture Magazine. Ratcliff's writings have appeared widely in European and American journals and in the publications of museums here and abroad, including the Museum of Modern Art, NY, the Guggenheim, NY, and the Royal Academy, London. His awards include the College Art Association's 1987 Frank Jewett Mather Award for Art Criticism, a Guggenheim Fellowship, two national Endowment for the Arts' Art Critics Grants, and a Poets Foundation Grant. He is the author of monographs of John Singer Sargent and Andy Warhol.  His other books on art include The Fate of a Gesture: Jackson Pollock and Postwar American Art and Out of the Box: The Reinvention of Art 1965-1975.  His books of poetry include Fever Coast (1973), Give Me Tomorrow (1983), and Arrivederci, Modernismo (2007).  - Work in Issues 10, 11, 12


Mary Lynn Reed lives and writes in suburban Maryland. Her fiction has appeared in The MacGuffin, Happy, Karamu, Temenos, The Summerset Review, SmokeLong Quarterly, and See You Next Tuesday, Volume 2, an anthology of short-shorts published by Better Non Sequitur. - Work in Issue 14


Elliot Richman won a National Endowment for the Arts Grant in Poetry, as well as a New York Foundation for the Arts Grant in Poetry. He has published four full-length collections: The World Dancer; Honorable Manhood: Poems of Eros & Dust; (From the First Persian Gulf War); Walk on Trooper (Vietnam War Poems); Franz Kafka’s Daughter Meets the Evil Nazi Empire!!!: Holocaust Tainted Poems. His work has appeared in, among others, Asylum, Bakunin, Beloit Poetry Journal, Caliban, Centennial Review, Confrontation, Green Fuse, Modern Haiku, Mickle Street Review, Osiris, The Quarterly, and Yellow Silk. Richman now works as a private contractor on American warships. More of his sea poems can be found in - Work in Issues 15, 17


Don Riggs is a poet and translator. He teaches literature and writing at Drexel University. He is the Editor of Lamont B. Steptoe's A Long Movie of Shadows and translated Chinese Poetic Writing by Francois Cheng. - Work in Issue 11


Hollis Robbins teaches literature, poetry, aesthetics, and film at the Peabody Institute of the Johns Hopkins University, where she is also an Associate Research Scholar with the Center for Africana Studies.  She is the editor of the forthcoming Penguin Classics edition of Frances Harper’s 1892 novel Iola Leroy.  She is co-editor with Henry Louis Gates, Jr. of The Annotated Uncle Tom’s Cabin (2006), as well as In Search of Hannah Crafts, Essays on The Bondwoman’s Narrative (2003).  She has a Ph.D in English from Princeton and is a graduate of the Writing Seminars program at Johns Hopkins.   She is at work on long project entitled Sonnets of Imprisonment. - Work in Issue 19


David Moore Robinson is a recent graduate of the MFA program at Colorado State University, and he also holds an MA from Columbia University Teachers College.  A native of Albany, New York, he currently lives in Miami. He has published a short story in Aethlon: The Journal of Sports Literature. - Work in Issue 12


Margaret A. Robinson's work will soon appear in "Margie" and "Smoken' Review."  Her poems have recently been published in "Philadelphia Stories" and "Stickman Review."  Robinson has chapbooks at Pudding House ("Sparks") and Finishing Line Press ("Arrangements").  She lives in Swarthmore, PA and teaches in the Creative Writing Program at Widener University. - Works in Issue 13, 18


Augusto Rodiguez, born in 1979, is one of Ecuador´s youngest writers. He has published four collections of poetry in the last seven years. Fernando Cazón Vera has praised his work for its frank confrontation with the problems and dilemmas of the new generation. He lived and studied in Chile for a decade and considers that country a key influence on his poetry. Along with being a major voice of the younger generation, Rodríguez has played a role in promoting cultural awareness in high school readers as a member of the cultural club Buseta de Papel, which has had an enormous impact on the literary life of Guayaquil.  His books are Ausencia (1999), Mientras ella mata mosquitos (2004), Animales salvajes (2005), La bestia que me habita (2005). - Work in Issue 10


Bruce Holland Rogers teaches fiction writing in the Whidbey Writers Workshop, a low-residency MFA program of the Northwest Institute of Literary Arts. His most recent collection, The Keyhole Opera, won the World Fantasy Award. He is the author of Word Work: Surviving and Thriving as a Writer. More of his stories are available at - Work in Issue 13


Laurie Rosenblatt is a practicing physician at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute in Boston. Her poems have appeared in Fulcrum, The Bellevue Literary Review, Salamander, Per Contra, and Harvard Review among others. - Work in Issues 9, 13


Mark Rudman is the author of eight books of poetry including The Rider Quintet for which the title volume received the National Book Critics Circle Award. A section of the fifth volume Sundays on the Phone can be heard as a radio play on with the actress Martha Plimpton in the role of the poet's mother. Sections from works in progress have appeared in recent issues of The New York Review of Books Classics, Raritan, The American Poetry Review, TLS, and the London Review of Books. The Book of Samuel: Essays on Poetry and Poetics will appear in 2009 (Northwestern), along with The Motel En Route To Life Out There: Selections From the Rider Quintet (SALT). A revised twenty-fifth anniversary edition of Robert Lowell and the Poetic Act will appear in 2007 with Parlor Press, He is completing Identification of a Woman, and Tropic Winter, from which this poem is taken. - Work in Issues 7, 13





Stephen Sandy’s latest collection of poems is Weathers Permitting (2005). Surface Impressions, or The Mystery of Things, a poem in eight parts, appeared in 2002. In 2006, he received an award for exceptional accomplishment in literature from The American Academy of Arts and Letters. - Work in Issue 7


Rachel Sawyer is a writer and blogger living in Northern Maryland. After more than 10 years as a journalist, she left the field and entered graduate school. She received a master's in library and information science in 2003. She blogs at Tinkerty Tonk. - Work in Issue 9


Lauren Schenkman was born and raised in Bakersfield, California. She attended the University of Southern California and graduated in 2007 with bachelor's degrees in physics and creative writing. Since then she has been working and writing in Edinburgh, Scotland. This is her first publication. - Work in Issue 11


Steven Schrader has published four collections of short stories, the most recent of which is What We Deserved (Hanging Loose Press 2006).  He was the Director of Teachers & Writers Collaborative for ten years and still serves as co-chair of its board.  He was the publisher of Cane Hill Press, which specialized in fiction. The three pieces in this issue are from a work in progress, A Writer's Life. - Work in Issue 15

Philip Schultz is a Pulitzer Prize-winning poet, and the founder/director of The Writers Studio, a private school for fiction and poetry writing based in New York City. He is the author of several collections of poetry, including his most recent Failure (2007, winner of the 2008 Pulitzer Prize), Living in the Past (2004), and The Holy Worm of Praise (2002), all published by Harcourt. He is also the author of Deep Within the Ravine (Viking 1984, recipient of The Academy of American Poets Lamont Prize); Like Wings (Viking 1978, winner of an American Academy & Institute of Arts and Letters Award as well as a National Book Award nomination) and the poetry chapbook, My Guardian Angel Stein (1986). His work has been published in The New Yorker, Partisan Review, The New Republic, The Paris Review, Slate, among other magazines, and he is the recipient of a Fullbright Fellowship and a 2005 Guggenheim Fellowship in poetry. He also received a National Endowment for the Arts Fellowship in Poetry (1981), a New York Foundation for the Arts Fellowship in Poetry (1985), as well as the Levinson Prize from Poetry magazine. He lives in East Hampton, NY with his wife, sculptor Monica Banks and their two sons, Elias and August.  - Work in Issue 12

Leonor Scliar Cabral (Porto Alegre, May 20, 1929) is a linguist, author and translator in Brazil.  Renowned in Brazil and abroad, Scliar-Cabral was President of the Associação Brasileira de Lingüística (ABRALIN) and the International Society of Applied Psycholinguistics, and is currently honorary president of both associations. Scliar-Cabral has served as professor at the Federal University of Santa Catarina and has directed the dissertations of master's and doctoral theses. Scliar-Cabral is also dedicated to literature and has published a series of sonnets. - Work in Issue 14

Rajee Seth b. 1935, Nowshehra, Cantt. (Northwest Frontier, now in Pakistan) She received her MA in English Lit. Studied Comparative Religion and Indian Philosophy at Gujarat Jnanpith. Although her first poem was published in the daily Milap in Lahore when she was just nine years old, she came to writing as a serious pursuit late in life. Although not known primarily as a poet, in addition to her two published novels Tatsam, 1983 and Nishkavach [Defenseless] 1995, four short story collections, and two essay collections are in press; as well as her forays into translation, criticism, children’s literature, etc., she has had published individually in journals, anthologies and periodicals, ca. 50 poems over the years. She is in the process of bringing out two poetry collections in the near future, collected from the large number of poetry manuscripts she has written over the last twenty-five years.

A life-member of PEN, she serves on the boards of Bharatiya Bhasha Parishad, Rachna Puraskar, and the Hindi academy. She has been co-editing Yugsakshi (Lucknow) for the last eight years and is renowned and respected for her first-rate literary work. - Work in Issue 13

Kay Sexton is an Associate Editor for Night Train journal and a Jerry Jazz Fiction Award winner with columns at  and  Her website gives details of her current and forthcoming publications.  Her current focus is ‘Green Thought in an Urban Shade’ a collaboration with the painter Fion Gunn to explore and celebrate the parks and urban spaces of Beijing, Dublin, London and Paris in words and images. - Work in Issue 1


Aruna Sitesh (1945 – 2007) was a scholar, writer and translator. She was the Principal of Indraprastha College for Women, University of Delhi, (1997-2007). Her short story collection Chhalaang, received the award for The Outstanding Book of the year Award (1997-98) and the Mahadevi Verma Puraskar by the U.P. Hindi Sansthan, Lucknow, 2000. Her many awards and honors included a Senior Fulbright 1991-92, University of Chicago; Visiting Scholar, Rockefeller Foundation Study Centre, Bellagio, Italy, 1993; and an Australia-India Council Grant in Aid (2005) for interaction with Australian women writers. She was Co-editor, of Pratibha India, Quarterly of Indian Art, Culture and Literature (1981-2007). - Work in Issue 13


Cris Shore is professor of social anthropology at the University of Auckland, New Zealand.  He is author of several books including (with Stephen Nugent) Elite Cultures: Anthropological Perspectives (Routledge, 2002) and Anthropology and Cultural Studies (Pluto, 1997); with Susan Wright, Anthropology of Policy: Critical Perspectives on Governance and Power  (Routledge, 1997), and with Akbar Ahmed, The Future of Anthropology (Athlone, 1995). His work focuses on issues in political anthropology, policy and governance. He has carried out fieldwork in Italy, from which he wrote Italian Communism: The Escape from Lenin  (Pluto, 1990), and more recently among EU civil servants in Brussels, which resulted in Building Europe: The Cultural Politics of European Integration, (Routledge, 2000). Besides the EU, his current research interest is in the politics of accountability and the rise of "audit culture." - Work in Issue 2


+ Larry Silver holds the Farquhar Chair of Art History at the University of Pennsylvania and previously taught at Berkeley and Northwestern.  A specialist in painting and graphics of Holland, Belgium, and Germany, he has recently published a monograph on Hieronymus Bosch (Abbeville, 2006) and a study of "Peasant Scenes and Landscapes" of the sixteenth century (U. Pennsylvania Press, 2006).  He has also served as President of the College Art Association and as editor-in-chief of their on-line reviews journal, ""


Ann Sitarz grew up in Philadelphia, PA. She is pursuing degrees from Drexel University in Chemical Engineering and English. She is twenty-one years old. She has enjoyed several internships as a process engineer at Johnson and Johnson and is pursuing a career in medicine. She has published several articles in Drexel’s Online Journal and won the first place award for Creative Non-Fiction in Drexel’s Week of Writing, 2006. - Work in Issue 4


+ David R. Slavitt is the author of many books, including his own fiction and poetry as well as his translations from the Greek and the Latin, including, among others: Seneca, Ovid, Virgil, Sophocles, and Aeschylus. His non-fiction includes a book on Virgil (also published by Yale) and Physicians Observed, Doubleday, as well as his account of running for office, Blue States Blues, published in April 2006 by Wesleyan University Press. He has also published under the names Henry Sutton, David Benjamin, Lynn Meyer and Henry Lazarus. Slavitt’s translation of The Theban Plays of Sophocles, New Haven: Yale University Press, 2007, is the winner of the Umhoefer Foundation Award in Arts and Humanities.
David Slavitt’s latest books are Ludovico Ariosto’s Orlando Furioso (Harvard) and George Sanders, Zsa Zsa, and Me (Northwestern). His forthcoming books include: Poems from the Greek Anthology (Sheep Meadow); The Latin Epigrams of Giovanni Boccaccio (Johns Hopkins); and The Dukes Man: a novel (Northwestern). He lives in Cambridge, MA.


Gary Sledge is Features Editor at Readers Digest.  He has worked with many well-known writers such as Bill Moyers, Alex Haley, Chris Bohjalian,  Suzanne Chazin and essayist and poet Kathleen Norris.  Before coming to the Digest, he was Editorial Director at Revell Publishing, and one of the founders of Wynwood Press, which published John Grisham’s first novel, “A Time to Kill.”  He collaborated with his wife Linda on two award-winning historical novels published by Bantam Books.  In college his first poetry teacher was Gary Snyder.  Sledge’s poetry has appeared in Christian Century, Chronogram, and Bedford Magazine.  - Work in Issue 9

Lee Slonimsky has two books of sonnets from Orchises Press, Pythagoras in Love (2007) and the forthcoming Logician of the Wind (2012).  His sonnets have also appeared or are forthcoming in The Carolina Quarterly, Connecticut Review, Measure, The New York Times, North Dakota Quarterly, Poetry Daily and elsewhere.  He manages a hedge fund, Ocean Partners LP, that takes a special interest in companies which hire the developmentally disabled. - Work in Issue 12

Lorna Smedman is a graduate of the Jack Kerouac School of Disembodied Poetics, and author of Dangers of Reading. She is a long-time resident of New York City. Current projects include a book of short stories, and a nonfiction account of fixing up a little shack in the woods called Making House. - Work in Issue 9


Sonja Haussman-Smith was born in Strasbourg in 1923. After several years of study in Strasbourg, Paris and London, she obtained "certificats de licence" in German and English at the Sorbonne. She worked as a translator for several years in Paris and later in New York. She married the American poet, William Jay Smith, in 1966, and collaborated on the translation of The Madman and the Medusa by the African writer (Cameroon)  Tchikaya U Tam Si. She translated a selection of William Jay Smith's poems into French under the title of L'Arbre du Voyageur (The Traveler's Tree).  - Work in Issue 12


R.T. Smith is Writer-in-Residence at Washington and Lee University, where he also edits Shenandoah, which will celebrate its 60th anniversary in 2010 with a Flannery O'Connor issue. Two of his poetry collections -- Messenger and Outlaw Style -- have received the library of Virginia annual poetry prize. His work has appeared in Best American Short Stories, Best American Poetry, the Pushcart Prize Anthology and Best American Mystery Stories. He was educated at Georgia Tech, UNCC and Appalachian State University and lives in Rockbridge County, Virginia with his wife, the poet Sarah Kennedy. - Work in Issues 2, 5, 10, 14, 16


William Jay Smith has been a major force in American letters for over half a century. He is the author of more than sixty books of poetry, children’s verse, memoirs, and criticism. From 1968 to 1970 he served as Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress (a post now called the Poet Laureate). Two of his thirteen poetry collections were finalists for the National Book Award, and his translations have won awards from the French Academy, the Swedish Academy, and the Hungarian government.

Smith was born in Louisiana in 1918 and brought up at Jefferson Barracks, just south of St. Louis, Missouri. His memoir, Army Brat (1980), which recounts his unusual boyhood as the son of a professional soldier, a clarinetist in the Sixth Infantry Band, was widely acclaimed. Artur Lundkvist of the Swedish Academy said of it: “One would have to go back to the books of Kipling portraying military life seen through a child’s eyes in order to find anything comparable.”

Of Native American (Choctaw) descent, Smith explores his family roots in The Cherokee Lottery (2000), a poetic sequence describing the forced removal of Indian tribes east of the Mississippi. Harold Bloom has found the book to be Smith’s “masterwork: taut, harrowing, eloquent, and profoundly memorable.”

A member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters since 1975 and its former Vice President for Literature, he divides his time between Cummington, Massachusetts and Paris. - Work in Issues 10, 11


Adam J. Sorkin’s recent volumes of translation include three 2006 books: Magda Cârneci’s Chaosmos, translated with Cârneci (White Pine Press), Mihai Ursachi’s The March to the Stars, translated mostly with the poet (Vinea Press), and Mariana Marin’s Paper Children, with various collaborators (Ugly Duckling Presse). Other books include Daniela Crăsnaru’s short stories translated with the author, The Grand Prize and Other Stories (Northwestern UP, 2004), and Marin Sorescu’s The Bridge, translated with Lidia Vianu (Bloodaxe Books, 2004)—the winner of the 2005 Corneliu M. Popescu Prize for European Poetry Translation of The Poetry Society, London. In 2007, he published Radu Andriescu’s The Catalan Within (Longleaf Press), translated with the poet. Sorkin is Distinguished Professor of English at Penn State Brandywine. - Work in Issues 10, 11, 12


 Kevin Spaide lives in Madrid with his wife and son. His work has appeared in The Summerset Review, Frigg, Dogmatika, Ghoti, The Flash Anthology (Social Disease) and other places. - Work in Issue 16


Maryanne Stahl is the author of novels The Opposite Shore and Forgive the Moon published by New American Library, as well as a chapbook of poetry and flash fiction, Electric Urgency, published by Pudding House Press. She lives in Thunderbolt, Georgia. - Work in Issues 9, 17


Ruth Stone is the recipient of many awards, among them: The Academy of American Poets Eric Mathieu King Award, the Vermont Cerf Award for lifetime achievement in the arts; the National Book Award, the Bess Hokin Award from Poetry magazine, the Shelley Memorial Award the 2002 Wallace Stevens Award.  She writes both short fiction and poetry.  Some of her books are: In The Dark (Copper Canyon, 2005, Paterson Award for Sustained Literary Achievement), In the Next Galaxy (Copper Canyon 2002), Ordinary Words ( Paris Press, l999)  Simplicity (Paris Press, l997), Who is the Widow’s Muse  (Yellow Moon Press, 1991).  The poems in this issue of Per Contra will be included in her collection What Love Comes To, New and Selected Poems (Copper Canyon).  - Work in Issue 5


Jane Stuppin is the author of Perfect Pitch, a book of poetry. Her poetry and short stories have appeared in literary journals. She is also the author of a collection of short stories: A Toast to Reason. Jane has presented her works at the Sebastopol Center for the Arts, Zebulon, KRCB radio and KOWS radio, Healdsburg’s Third Sunday Salon, Occidental Performing Arts and Copperfields bookstore. A native of San Francisco, she lives one hour north of the city among the redwood trees with her husband, Jack Stuppin, an artist.

She has a B.A. from the University of California, Berkeley and an M.F.A from Spalding University, Louisville, Kentucky. - Work in Issue 13





Alice Teeter writes poetry. Her chapbook String Theory won the Georgia Poetry Society’s 2008 Charles B. Dickson chapbook competition, judged by Lewis Turco. A collection of poems When it happens to you… was published by Star Cloud Press in 2009.  - Work in Issues 13, 15, 18


Elaine Terranova is the author of three books of poems, The Dog's Heart, The Cult of the Right Hand, winner of the Walt Whitman Award, and Damages, and of a forthcoming collection, Not To. Her poems have appeared in The New Yorker, The American Poetry Review, Prairie Schooner and most recently in Tiferet, Chautauqua Literary Journal, and Shade. She received a National Endowment in the Arts Fellowship in Literature and two Pennsylvania Council grants. She has been Banister Writer in Residence at Sweet Briar College and a Fellow at Bread Loaf. She teaches writing at the Community College of Philadelphia. - Work in Issue 2


Elizabeth Thorpe's short stories and excerpts from her novel-in-progress have appeared in Painted Bride Quarterly, Press 1, Puckerbrush Review, Stolen Island Review, and the Maine Review, among others.  She teaches at Drexel University and in the University of the Arts Pre-College program.  She earned her MFA from Goddard College. - Work in Issue 18


+ Lewis Turco was founding director of both the Cleveland State University Poetry Center (1962) and the Program in Writing Arts at the State University of New York College at Oswego (1968) from which he retired as Emeritus Professor of English in 1996. He took his B. A. from the University of Connecticut in 1959 and his M. A. from the University of Iowa in 1962. In 2000 he received an honorary degree, Doctor of Humane Letters, from Ashland University. His poems, essays, stories and plays have appeared in most of the major literary periodicals over the past half-century, and in over one hundred books and anthologies. In 1999 he received the John Ciardi Award for lifetime achievement in poetry sponsored by the periodical Italian Americana and the National Italian American Foundation.

Prof. Turco’s The Book of Forms: A Handbook of Poetics has been called “the poet’s Bible” since its original publication by E. P. Dutton in 1968, through three editions, the most recent in 2000, and many printings; it was included in the New York City Schools’ list of “Recommended Books for Teachers.” A companion volume, The Book of Literary Terms, received a Choice citation as an “Outstanding Academic Title ”for the year 2000. A third volume in this series, The Book of Dialogue, How to Write Effective Conversation in Fiction, Screenplays, Drama, and Poetry, appeared in February 2004 and was chosen in 2005 by the AAUP as a “University Press Book Selected for Public and Secondary School Libraries.” The publisher of all three books is the University Press of New England.

Turco’s first book of criticism, Visions and Revisions of American Poetry, published by the University of Arkansas Press, won the Melville Cane Award of the Poetry Society of America in 1986, and his A Book of Fears: Poems, with Italian translations by Joseph Alessia, won the first annual Bordighera Bi-Lingual Poetry Prize in 1998.

Star Cloud Press of Scottsdale, Arizona, published The Collected Lyrics of Lewis Turco / Wesli Court 1953-2004, the latter sobriquet being an anagram pseudonym under which Lewis Turco has published most of his traditionally formal poems. In 2007 the same publisher brought out Fearful Pleasures: The Complete Poems of Lewis Turco 1959-2007, a gathering of non-traditionally written poems, some of which had originally won three chapbook prizes: the American Weave Chapbook Award for The Sketches in 1962, the Silverfish Review Chapbook Award for A Family Album in 1990, and the Cooper House Chapbook Competition for Murmurs in the Walls in 1992.


* Bill Turner was formally trained in Political Science and Post-Colonial Latin American History. He taught History and Political Science for four years at a preparatory school in Puerto Rico, before accepting a position as the executive director of one of the largest environmental non-governmental organizations in the Caribbean (St. Croix Environmental Association). He has been called as an expert witness on issues ranging from conservation to public health by the United States Department of the Interior, the Congress of the United States, the Senate of the United States Virgin Islands, The Congressional Black Caucus and has been interviewed by ABC Television and BBC News.

He has served as a political analyst for a gubernatorial campaign, and as a researcher for a state senatorial campaign and worked in various positions on other state and national campaigns. He was a newspaper columnist for the Virgin Islands Daily News and The Virgin Islands Source Online.





Chika Unigwe was born and raised in Enugu, Nigeria. She has a B.A degree in English Language and Literature from the University of Nigeria, Nsukka and a Ph.D from the University of Leiden in the Netherlands. A UNESCO-Aschebrg fellow and a Rockefeller Foundation fellow, her most recent novel is On Black Sisters' Street (Jonathan Cape, 2009). - Work in Issues 10, 16, 17


John Updike has published over 60 books, including novels, collections of short stories, drama, memoirs, essays, poetry, and literary criticism. He received both the National Medal of Art and the National Medal for the Humanities. He is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters. Among his other awards are O. Henry Prize, American Book Award, National Book Critics Circle Award for Fiction, a Guggenheim, a Rosenthal Award from the National Institute of Arts and Letters, a National Book Award for Fiction, and the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction. - Work in Issue 10






Kathrine Varnes is the author of a book of poems, The Paragon (2005), and co-editor with Annie Finch of the University of Michigan poetics handbook, An Exaltation of Forms (2002). Her new play, Listen, will be produced in the University of Missouri Theatre Department's Comedy-in-Concert series in Summer 2007. On line, she coordinates groups of poets to write collaborative sonnet crowns, one of which — What Lips — appears in the current issue of Zinkzine. Another crown, Intertidal, is forthcoming in Prairie Schooner.  Varnes recently moved with her family to Lexington in order to teach writing at the University of Kentucky. - Work in Issue 3


Carmen Váscones (b. 1958) has degrees in Psychology and Clinical Psychology. Her books include La Muerte un Ensayo de Amores (1991), Con/Fabulaciones (1992), Memorial Aun Acantilado (1994), Aguaje (1999). Her Collected Works will soon be published in Ecuador by the Casa de la Cultura.  Her poetry has been translated into Portuguese, Italian, French, Polish, German, and has appeared in magazines and anthologies in Canada, Spain, France, Argentina, and the USA. The enclosed poems are drawn from Aguaje. Other translations from that volume have been accepted for publication by Bitter Oleander. - Work in Issue 19

Archana Verma Born April, 1946 She has published two volumes of poetry: Kuchch DurTak (For Some Distance) and Lauta Hai Vijeta (The Conqueror has Returned).   A third collection, , is in press.  Verma has published one collection of short stories, Sthagit (Postponed)and a second one is in the press.

An established critic, Verma has been associated with Hans, a leading literary magazine for more than 20 years. On the verge of beginning hopefully as meaningful and lengthy an association with another equally important journal, Kathadesh.  Currently Verma teaches at Miranda House, University College for Women, University of Delhi, India. - Work in Issue 12

Shrikant Verma  (1931-86), a poet from a small town in Madhya Pradesh, Central India, had a career spanning bothjournalism and politics. He was a General Secretary of the then ruling Congress Party and rose further to become the speech writer of the late Indian Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi.  While he wielded considerable clout in the power circle, his poetry was haunted by self doubt and paradox. He worked in different genres such as poetry, short story, essays, intimate journals and published 25 volumes in all. He was awarded almost all major literary awards during his short life time. The poem represented here, comes from Magadh, his book of poems named after the fabled ancient Indian city, remains one of the groundbreaking works in contemporary Hindi poetry. - Work in Issue 12

Ania Vesenny was born and raised in the former USSR. After enjoying the fast-paced life in Toronto for almost 12 years, she is now on her way to a small Arctic community. She will keep her husband, her kids and the books. And paper and quills. And a warm jacket. Unfortunately she was just informed that the toys will have to come too – even those already labeled ‘donation’. Her fiction appears or is forthcoming in SmokeLong Quarterly, Cezanne's Carrot, Mad Hatter’s Review, and FRiGG. She is an associate editor for Vestal Review. - Work in Issue 2

Santiago Vizcaino, at the age of twenty-six,  had two major successes. His first book of poetry, Destruction in the Afternoon, won Ecuador's 2008 Ministry of Culture National Literary Projects Award and his first book of  literary criticism, Silence in the Work of Alexandra Pizarnik, also won first prize in the essay category of the same competition.  His poetry, only now being translated into English for the firsrt time, has appeared in or is about to appear in Words Without Borders, Connotation Press; An On-Line Artifact, Bitter Oleander, and Eleven/Eleven. - Work in Issue 18



Doug Wartman is a guitarist and student living in Bucks County Pennsylvania.  His music defies a label, but most call his style experimental.  He is currently studying harmonic theory, aural theory, jazz history and guitar. - Work in Issue 2

Lesley C. Weston lives and works in New York City. Her stories have appeared  or are forthcoming in Per Contra, SmokeLong Quarterly, GUD Magazine, The Green Muse, UR Paranormal, Duck & Herring Co. Field Guide, Ars Medica, Night Train and The Pisgah Review. “Infinity,” from her novel in short stories, was awarded Special Mention in Salt Flats Annual’s 2007 Emerging Writer’s Competition. - Work in Issues 7, 9

Luke Whisnant is the author of Watching TV with the Red Chinese, a novel, and Street, a chapbook of poems.  His work has appeared in a number of journals and has been anthologized in This Is Where We Live: Stories by Contemporary North Carolina Writers, and Racing Home: New Stories by Award-Winning NC Writers.  Two of his stories have been reprinted in New Stories from the South: The Year's Best, and a third will appear in fall 2006.  He teaches creative writing and literature at East Carolina University, in Greenville, NC. - Work in Issue 2

Eleanor Wilner's most recent books are The Girl with Bees in Her Hair (2004) and Reversing the Spell: New and Selected Poems (1998), both from Copper Canyon. She is currently on the poetry faculty of the MFA Program for Writers at Warren Wilson College. - Work in Issue 3

Molara Wood won the inaugural John La Rose Memorial Short Story Competition (2008); and received a Highly Commended Story Award from the Commonwealth Broadcasting Association in 2007. A former arts columnist for The Lagos Guardian, her essays, reviews and short fiction have appeared in publications including: Sable Litmag, In Posse Review, Drumvoices Revue, Humanitas, Chimurenga, Farafina, Per Contra and in the book series, African Literature Today (ALT). Work is forthcoming in several anthologies. She lives and works in Lagos, Nigeria.  - Work in Issues 9, 13




Zeineb Yassin (Mother Zeineb) was a veteran fighter in Eritrea’s 30-year armed struggle for independence and mother of nine.  Zeineb Yassin – popularly known as Mother Zeineb – died at the age of 87 in 2005.  Translated from Tigre, “Under the Sycamores” is a transcription based on her performance on 1/15/2000 at the Against All Odds literary festival. - Work in Issue 12





Robert Zaller, poet, critic, and historian, is Professor of History at Drexel University. His most recent books are Islands: Poems (Somerset Hall Press) and The Discourse of Legitimacy in Early Modern England (Stanford University Press).  - Work in Issue 13


Arlene Zide b. 1940, NYC. Poet, linguist and translator, her work has appeared in journals and anthologies in the US, Canada and in India such as: 13th Moon, The Alembic, Meridians (Smith College), Xanadu, Rattapallax, Primavera, Colorado Review, California Quarterly, Women’s Review of Books, A Room of HerOwn, Oyez, Earth’ Daughters, Rhino, and in anthologies such as In Love United, Kiss Me Goodnight, and Rough Places Plain; and online in e.g., Anderbo, Chicago Poetry, Red River Review, The Pedestal Magazine, etc. She has lived in India nine times over the last 39 years, most recently involved in translation from Hindi. (An anthology of contemporary Indian women poets out from Penguin India (1993) contained a number of her own translations.) Translations from Hindi and other Indian languages have appeared in places as diverse as Exquisite Corpse, The Bitter Oleander, Faultline, Salt Hill, Paintbrush, Smartish Pace, Modern Poetry in Translation (UK), Blue Unicorn, Indian Literature, Rhino, International Poetry Review, The Malahat Review, International Quarterly, Chicago Review, and in the Everyman series: Indian Love Poems. A volume of translation of Contemporary Indian Women Poets (edited and translated with Aruna Sitesh is currently in press [Sahitya Akademi (India's national literary 'academy'), New Delhi.]  - Work in Issues 11, 12, 13


Dimitre Zlatinov was born in Bulgaria . He lives in Sydney, Australia with his wife and son. His novel Extorted Souls was published in 1994. His play The Streets With No Names was a finalist at the National Playwrights Competition for a new Bulgarian play in 2001, It was later produced and had over 75 performances. His short stories, plays and articles have appeared in numerous Bulgarian literary journals and newspapers. - Work in Issue 16


Hernan Zúñiga, born in Loja in 1950, is major figure in artistic circles in Guayaquil. He is active in painting, graphics, theater and poetry. As a member of the generation of the 70s, he reveals in his art a deep sympathy for the marginalized urban poor. His painting is considered neo-expressionist, with evident influences from pop culture and conceptual art. The reflection of his artistic tendencies in his poetry makes his style unique in contemporary Ecuadorian letters. Despite a substantial poetic output, most of his poetry has only appeared in marginal and limited editions, or in the form of mixed media constructions, pamphlets, or imbedded in larger visual projects. - Work in Issue 10














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